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YEARS OF CLOSE ENCOUN
1DITOR IN CHIEF g DESIGN DIRECTOR: BOB GUCCIONE
PRESIDENT 8 C.O.O.; KATHY KEETON
VP/EDITOR: KEITH FERRELL
EXECUTIVE VPVGHAPIIICSUIRLCIOH f-RANKDEVINO
of Government UFO
Cover-ups, Part I
By Dennis Stacy
The firsl of si
SELLING THE MIND SHORT:
Exposing the myth of psychic privilege
By Keith Harary
rational thinking with
seemingly plausible lies. I was a
teenager when I first believed
the lie that there was something
about me of anybody else that
could properly t '
chic." A part of me relt sick whan
way I felt when I smoked my first
cigarette. There was something
compelling and forbidden about
the experience, and something I
also knew could eventually do
"To label anyone
a psychic Is
tv tie i iv the limits
el dui under-
standing and pre-
tend la hare
to quasi ions
thai have vet lo
slaughter— I was naive, search-
ing for something meaningful to
do with my life. More than that. I
was about to becorro a p-ocs
ganda magnet. The apriority fig
chic" to explain my pencr-iance
in a parapsychology o*peii
I did not yet know enough
the politics of parapsycnoiogy to
realize that those who present
themselves as authorities often
are entrapped within their own
competence is not the only coin
of the realm in the field.
Propaganda is infectious.
psychology experiments. I
cannot point to any evidence
indicating that humanity can
tween psychics and nonpsy-
chics. Having once believed
the lie about myself. I finally
tinue to find myself cast in the
role Of a psycnic charac;i
other people s n'yToloai
find myself described as i
chic in many recent parap:
my objections. One such author
privately encouraged me to pro-
mote myself as a psychic, saying
that by rejecting the concept, I
money. I also find
myself credited in print with be-
liefs and accomplishments that
have no basis in fact. Propagan-
questionable tests of psyc
powers to the public.
The popular concept t
called psychic abilities, wh
are not directly related to ot
Whether you believe in the exist-
ence of these supposedly extra-
ordinary people or believe those
who claim to be psychic are de-
luded or fraudulent is irrelevant.
a .iriety ol inner experiences
from your concept of normal
'■■.■■ anity. That den al diminishes
s of your own ooiarnal.
■ '. ?is the sales of c "
not know enough about the
underlying structure of reality to
conclude that the laws of nature
likely that we do not fully under-
sufficiently explored the inner-
most boundaries of perception,
communication, and intelligence.
We cannot conclude that some-
thing impossible is happening
simply because we do not com-
prehend all the subtle and com-
plicated ways In which the mind
■ S.--StVfL.'! r. : il.i» Cl-.i' ■:
art: .By™ Pacta umaryfiaft
■ ■ ;.■:. ■. ■ .". ■■: .■ ■:■■■. ■■ ■■■ ■ ■ . . I "■ ■
(eve Naae. Olfloes: 1965 Broadway.' New 'rwk, N
:023-SSB5, Telephone (212) 496-6100, Tale;
ADVERTISING AND MARKETING
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Surpassing the spoken word, tourist attractions,
and the right to be frozen
New World Model
Will they find the lop quark ["The Lasl
Greal Experiment," January 1994]? Prob-
ably not. Does il matter? Yes. After count-
less millions have been spent smash-
ing atoms logether at high speeds, sci-
standard model. The one constant in all
the heavens is the force of motion. It is
the only singular force and it is the pre-
requisite to all others. Wouldn't it be in-
teresting if motion iiseif were the funda-
mental quanta of nature? The roadblock
] lop quark is giving
n effectively b
;h of apei
I i persists, physicists v.
(heir imagination:-; ngair
stretch beyond the bounc
views held today.
If Cryonics ["Please Freeze Me," Janu-
ary 1994] catches on, we must consid-
er what the future might hold for the
stiffs. After all, perhaps a Ihousand
years from now, who will be responsi-
ble for defrosting these icemen? Who
will accept the responsibility for provid-
ing social resources for hordes of "ter-
mina'ly" iil and (certainly by then] woe-
fully ignorant, undereducated humans?
A few for novelty science research and
historical clarification might be wel-
come, but what if freezing should be-
come a basic legal right? And what if
' i thawed for
When we interpret £
visualise what we are taking in, wheth-
er it is by feet or by sound. Dolphin;
on the other hand, having developed sc
nar, are able to take advantage of the
very things Kramer is trying to make hap-
pen for humans. Imagine being able to
not only tell some
dy is pregnant, bui describe Ihe
length, size, and approximate health ol
the fetus without using any kind of
chinery. You simply say, "Bleep," and
everything is perfectly understood.
John F. Palermo
Round Bock, TX
Ms. Dobkin de Rios [First Word, Janu
ary 1994) writes from the standpoint of
the "armchair adventurer," obviously hav-
ing never even been to the Amazon re
gion let alone had any personal expe
rience with ayahuasca. Learning from
the mistakes of their neighbors in Bra-
zil. Peruvian natives throughout th
prises that do not destroy their natural
habitat and which can be indefinitely
sustainable; tourism and sightsee'
the bill perfectly. And while I'm
there are unscrupulous people in th
azon passing themselves off as
mans, making "mixtures of 13 or more
different psychedelic plants." they're
not the ones who should be broad
percent of tt
stic? Who you gonna sue?
Ronald A. Schmidt
I commend Gregory Kramer [Art 'ca in-
telligence, January 1994] ami the
NCSA for their combhed e : io
Ihe development of new ways of trans
mining complex masses of Information
to the human m n-ci ■.-.i the nurj
es. However, I'm afraid the effort s wast-
ed upon our species. As Robin Bar gar
le? Call (900) 2B5-5483. Your
comments will be recorded and may
Appear in an upcoming issue of
Omji: The cost for the call is 95
cc"ts per minute. You must be age
18 or older. Touch-tone phones on-
, Sponsored by Pure Entertain-
ment P.O. Box 166, Hollywood,
C.i ifomia 90078.
ANNOUNCING PROJECT OPEN BOOK:
Omni's inquiry into the UFO phenomenon
By Keith Ferrell
Book is Omni's
aimed at clear-
ing the UFO
'his is a special issue of
Omni, one that's likely to
be controversial, and is
frankly designed to be provoca-
tive. Our subject is alleged alien
presence in our skies and
among our population, and the
possibility of government cover-
ups both here and abroad of
alien spacecraft and beings. Our
approach is uniquely Omni.
It's time, we feel, to clear the
air about UFOs, close encoun-
ters of any kind, abductions, and
all the kinds and classes
of alleged extraterrestrial — or
extradimensional or extratempo-
ral — visitation. To open the topic
to the hard light of rational scien-
tific and journalistic inquiry.
We are not speaking of tabloid
sensationalism or special-effects
wish fulfillment. No E.T. No
supermarket flying saucers.
It's a simple question. Is there
evidence of alien presence on
Earth, and have governments
suppressed that evidence? We
can answer that, can't we?
The essence of science is
skepticism; the watchword of the
scientific method is proof.
Hearsay and rumor — which run
rife in the UFO community —
don't count. What's required for a
scientific investigation is evi-
dence, documentation, fact. All
of which are in short supply in
the UFO phenomenon.
At the heart of the phenome-
non, fueling many of the stories,
lies consistent and unfortunate
government mishandling of
alleged encounter investigations.
(Not just our government: Read
Jim Oberg's look at Russian UFO
research in this issue.) Whether
there are or aren't any encoun-
ters, the government's posture
has been to classify and confuse
its research, leading to an envi-
ronment perfect for paranoia.
And paranoia is so appealing,
so romantic. There is an aura
of mystery, of secrets we're
not allowed to apprehend, of
cover-ups and conspiracies. It's
so easy to assume someone else
is in control.
It's time for the secrecy to end.
It's time for us to take control.
That's why Omni is inaugurat-
ing, with this issue, Project Open
Book. If its name reminds you in
some ways of the government's
long-suspended Project Blue
Book, that's not by accident.
Put simply, Project Open Book
is Omni's effort to provide a
clearinghouse for hard, docu-
mented information about alien
encounters, and especially about
government cover-ups of alleged
encounters. Omni is ready to
take a look, hopeful of arriving at
One way or the other. We have
no ax to grind; we do not
approach the topic as "true
believers" nor do we dismiss the
possibility of extraterrestrial pres-
ence out of hand. For better or
worse, we are willing to examine
the question seriously, to investi-
gate worthwhile reports, to share
the information with our readers
and the world. An Open Book.
The Project starts now. We
start by laying the historical
groundwork. This issue, we
begin a multipart series that will,
month by month, look back at the
leading stories of alleged cover-
ups over the past half century.
Beyond that, we'll look toward
the future, toward avoiding or
overcoming the confusion and
misinformation that too often sur-
round UFO materials.
We also provide you with the
tools to seek information on your
own. Check out the "Freedom
Fighters Handbook" this month,
and add your voice to those call-
ing for government files to be
opened to public scrutiny.
You're part of this. We wel-
come your submissions to
Project Open Book. If you have
evidence — evidence that can be
backed up, supported, and con-
firmed six ways from Sunday —
send it to Omni: Project Open
Book, 324 West Wendover
Avenue, Suite 205, Greensboro,
North Carolina, 27408, or join us
in the new Project Open Book
section of Omni Online, available
through America Online, where
you will be able to post your sto-
ries, engage in debates, and
add your voice to the mix.
Send copies of your materials,
and keep the originals in a safe
place. While we promise to treat
submissions with respect, we
cannot guarantee their return,
nor can we guarantee a re-
sponse to every submission we
We do guarantee that submis-
sions able to stand up to the
scrutiny of scientific and journal-
istic investigation will be shared
with the world.
Together, we can put an end
to the foolishness that surrounds
this fascinating topic.
Welcome to Project Open
COMPUTING THE UNIVERSE:
Immense simulations model billions of years of cosmic evolution
By Steve Nadis
only off by a
evolution Horn mil-
lions of years
alter Ihe Big Bang
COM model «
factor of two. T
experiment with other types of
dark matter until the picture the
computer spifs out is
with that produced by as-
model that has
excited is based on "mixed /dark
darings of 23 million pi
Even though the interactions are calculations of Bertschinger and
based on simple laws of gravity
" iv that CDM
three centuries ago, the resultanl may. in fact, be adjusted to
motions are complex and often account for these mammoth con-
counterintuitive, gtomerates. But then individual
B i j r C ;,,:. ■ 1 1 1 " i: j .- - ■ -Vld -ll-'ir-;.' oiroi'S
are focusing on one of the cen-
tral problems of cosmology: how.
!. The picture
the Big Bang, matter came to largest and smallest scales.
arrange itself in the patterns Cosmologists wouldn't have
strings of galaxies, galaxy clus- computer simulations, explains
ters, and clusters of clusters, University of Toronto astrophysi-
separated by giant voids, cist Nick Kaiser, because the
problems. On the ot
problem may lie wil
a very tricky business."
While Bertschinger acknowl-
edges that there are limits to
what we can glean from simula-
tions alone, he's confident that
out. "Although I'm pessimistic
about CDM. I'm optimistic by
U.S. GOVERNMENT AUCTIONS:
Bargain prices on everything from cars to the Coral Sea
By Linda Marsa
Neiman Marcus Christmas cat-
alog. Inventory runs the gamut
from cars, office furnishings, jew-
els, ambulances, Rolex watches,
ers, military jeeps, NASA tracking
systems, and the aircraft carrier
With a little luck and legwork.
shrewd shoppers can get good
And for backyard inventors, the
chance to comb through: leftcve's
from government labor ax 1, ci car
neyland. "Some Trekkies snap up
every electronic gizmo in sight,"
says Bill Tesfi, chief of sales for
the General Services Administra-
tion (GSA). "One even used gov-
ernment surplus to outfit his
truck like the starshrp Enterprise."
The GSA, for instance, sells
laboratory equipment like micrc
scopes, centrifuges, and sign;
generators; office furniture; corr
puters; electronic gear; and mor-
than 40,000 used autos a year.
Other federal agencies like th
Resolution Trust Corporatio
hoi;: ou:"ji.c sales to
and raw land from foreclosures
and failed SSL's. The U.S. Post-
al Service unloads goods— teie-
claimed packages. The Depart-
ment of Defense would be happy
to sell you, among other things,
your very own DC-10. And the
DEA, the Customs Service, the
U.S. Marshals, and the IRS ped-
dle contraband confiscated from
drug lords, crime bosses, and tax
Though streel-level drug deal-
ers tend to adorn themselves
wifh gaudy baubles, crime king-
pins' tastes are decidedly up-
scale. They collect expensive an-
tiques, art— an Impressionist paint-
ing seized from a money launder-
er recently fetched $136,000—
and rare coins. "Drug dealers like
transport," says Dean Echols of
which handles many government
airport with $500,000 worfh of
coins in your pocket and no one
But don't expect to pick up a
Porsche for $100 or a yacht for
$200. since professional buyers
valued items. And don't think you
can outsmart the pros. "Amateurs
can get good deals if they're care-
ful," says Echols, "but they're not
going to steal anything."
Do take advantage of the in-
spection period beforehand,
usually on the previous
merchandise and then figure out
what comparable items would
cost if they were being sold re-
tail. To avoid getting swept up in
bidding fever — and overpaying
for something you don't really
want— determine exactly what
you want to buy and how much
you intend to spend, and stick to
one auction as an observer just
to get a feel for the action. "Take
no money," advises Tesh, "and
keep your hands in your pocket."
Remember, all sales are final.
Once you've made a winning bid,
you're obligated to buy the prop-
erty; the feds won't show much
sympathy it you're suddenly strick-
en with buyer's remorse. Most
places require a guaranteed melh-
od of payment like a money or-
der, certified check, or cash,
fied ads that "promise inside in-
formation on how to buy exotic
items at government auctions for
jrbe svable prices," warns
Carole Collins of the Consumer In-
formation Center of the GSA,
They're usually bogus. You can
get all the information you need
about government sales from Un-
cle Sam himself.
The GSA publishes a free book-
let. The U.S. General Services
Administration Guide to Federal
Government Sales, that lists
■/,ri -:■ iedera agency s sellirici
what, notification procedun
i begins. Carefully e>
I tips on how to
) Consumer Informa-
tion Center. Dept. 601Z, Pueblo,
Colorado 81009. Major sales by
the U.S. Marshals Service are ad-
vertised on the third Wednesday
of every month in the classified
section of USA Today (or call
Manheim Auctions al 8(X)-???-
9885). And don't be surprised if
sometime soon the GSA puts sal-
vage from the Super Collider on
the auction block. DO
PC-based movie games put you in the action
By Gregg Keizer
■ nough talk about
■ think any of
don't the s
ending. Movies by committee
would be about as much fun as
voting— and as ultimately unsat-
isfying to the losing minority.
It's different on the computer.
Although PC cinema sha-es rails
with ihe theater- and TV-based
interactive movies that next-wave
futurists tout— you play a part in
the computer, you, and only you,
are in control. Vou're not a slave
to the wishes ot strangers.
Plopped on CD-ROM discs.
... io , -j-
e filmlike titles typically
their moving pictures in a m
ture window and run ther
about half the speed of tel
sion. Such size and speed si
mings may make you sguin
r if thi
i been badly spliced,
they're the fault of current hard-
ware limitations, not the software
designer. Down the digital high-
way, full-screen, full-motion inter-
desktop, and to the TV, too.
Today, though, you
your home com-
puter. They may come disguised
as games, but they're as much
for watching as for playing. Take
Media Vision's Critical Path, lor
instance. The plot's bones are a
bit bare: After your chopper's
crashed on a tropical island, you
guide Kat, your one uninjured
comrade, through Generalissimo
Minh's factory, a maze filled with
booby traps and bloodthirsty
goons in orange outfits.
You don't control Kat as much
back. You can send brief mes-
sages—turn right, turn left, yes,
no. that sort of thing— and when
she gets in a jam. you can acti-
vate the factory';
four megabytes of memory to
watch and play Critical Path, tf
you have that on your desktop,
Alexander Morris, gathering
clues and objects as you probe
the strange circumstances of
your brother's death. You're on
the prowl for vampires, the Count
i small chunks, inter-
watch. The in
i in Dracula
game's grapiic adve'-orfc-siyli;
e events, rat the video. If you're
at the right place at the right
time, you'll hear and see ctues
that will take you to more places,
more people. You affect Ihe sio-
it these piac
or stopping the conveyer belt
she's riding toward a fiery fur-
nace. Clues to the access codes
scattered throughout the diaboli-
The result is an engrossing
action-adventure movie. Hard-
ware demands are stiff, though:
This approach is a bit less
the telling than in Critical Path.
Still, with impressive production
values and a professional cast of
aciors. it's a big G\c-p up from the
cartoonlike animation ol most
computer adventures. A split
'■ mb up,
this. One to watch for is Acujws
Software's Under the Killing
Moon, a two-disk action extrava-
ganza that stars Margot Kidder
combination ot computer-gener-
ated 3-D animation and realtime
video, Killing Moon promises to
As higher- powered hardware
get bigger, better looking, i
more ambitious. Just make E
you don't spill the popcorn w
you're punching buttons. DO
A PCMCIA Modem Is A Lot
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The Stuff That Matters Is Inside.
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The WorldPortl" however, is no cookie-
Inside every high-speed WorldPotr is
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data speeds up to 14,400
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It's i'it; easy to use.
Getting the WorldPort is easy, too. It's
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If you'd like to know more
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FROM RUSSIA WITH LOVE (BUT SEND MONEY FIRST):
Cooperating with Russia in space may prove less than a t
By Jerry Grey
BRINGING THE MOUNTAIN TO MOHAMMED:
Science in Motion carries modern science into schools
By Peter Callahan
The collapse of the Soviet
Union brought a lot of
opportunity !o the trou-
bled nation's weary citizens, to
its ground-breaking governing
community. Many in U.S. govern-
opening of i
design la create
former Soviel Union's
technical capabilities could fuel
of former Soviet
power, while Ihe U.S.
sales." But the big-
gest risk faced by
U.S. partners is thai
they depend on criti-
cal components man-
Space Agency for $52 million for
two Mir missions, the Russians
$17,000 per extra kilogram car-
ried to the station, $53,000 for
every hour cosmonauts spend
over the conlracted-for two hours
per day, and so on. The Russian
Space Agency also insisted—
and the United States ag reed-
that NASA pay $100 million per
year up front for using Mir and
for design work on space-station
Despite the Russians' sky-
rocketing charges, NASA top
brass, along with sc
Russia's big Energia
apart at an alarming
that the main motivation for using
former Soviet space technology
Soviel national econ-
is to reduce costs— a highly
unlikely prospect. Integrating
space systems based on differ-
cerns, olher Western
practices, requirements, operat-
dismayed by the bud-
ing specifications, and manufac-
of Ihe United States in
never cost less than a single sys-
tem. Apollo-Soyuz, which re-
3uch as the space
quired only one interface be-
station, continue to
tween two dissimilar spacecraft,
court the Russians. In
cost the United States nearly a
half-billion 1975 dollars and took
Aerospatiale signed a
two years to accomplish.
deal to build and mar-
That doesn't mean NASA
ket a joint French-
shouldn't cooperate with Russia
and the other Eastern republics.
Cooperation will help sustain
ble Vostoh. In addi-
those nations' fragile new politi-
tion, a French govern-
cal structures and at the same
time bring to the West valuable
technology and capabilities. But
lion francs to support
the United States shouldn't pur-
Russian flight tests of
sue cooperalion on the question-
a supersonic combus-
tion ramjet (scramjet)
money. We certainly should
a technology in which
with our eyes wide open .DO
Jerry Grey is director of aero-
are discovering tnsy
space ana science policy at the
struck such a b;.r;j;:ih.
American Institute of Aeronautics
soaking the European
It was the kind of scene every
teacher dreams about: A high -
school student, seeing a van
filled with science equipment
pull up to the campus, ran up to
Eleanor Siegriest excitedly. "The
chem van is here! The chem van
we going to have the chem van
today?" When Siegriest, a chem-
istry teacher at Hollidaysburg Ar-
High School in central Penn-
is just dropping olf equip-
ment, the student persisted. "But
we have to have it! It's here!"
That a van filled with nuclear ra-
don monitors and spectrophotom-
eters could inspire the kind of en-
thusiasm kids usually reserve for
the three-o'clock bell is a glowing
is of a
schools to lead workshops e
troduce students :o sophisticr-tec
inslrumenis that few schools
The vans, each stocked wth
more than $100,000 wort! - cf
equipment and operated by a
teacher who works hand in hand
with Ihe classroom instructor, of-
fer an invaluable supplemen i"
the kind of traditional book lea n
that because of a lack of resourc-
changed. I could almost have
been sitling in Ihe same school I
was sitting in thirty-five years ago.
But the practice of chemistry has
changed in that lime."
Juniata applied to the Nation-
al Science Foundation for a
grant, and soon a van filled with
on the road, setting up labs at a
particular school for a day or drop-
ping off equipment that teachers
had learned to use during sum-
mer workshops held at the col-
lege. From the beginning it was
a hit; recently, a program to sup-
port biology teachers was added.
"For the kids, it's something dif-
ferent," says Tom Ferko. who op-
erates the western Pennsylvania
thing they've never seen before.
I tell them that this will get them
over the initial shock of using new
equipment in a college chemis-
More important, perhaps, is
the lasting effect the program has
r>p some participants. Ryan
pened to science educator in a
long time," says Erma Anderson
of the National Science Teacher's
Association's Scope Sequence
and Coordination Project, "it's a
blessing to small rural districts
where a big problem is a lack of
materials. Bringing the equipment
to schools has a lasting impres-
sion. It's something students can't
get from a textbook.
This hands-on approach is the
backbone of the program, says
Siegriest, providing a
cnem van as a student at Ind
v;:i< ; , H;;ii School, attributes
decision to study chemistry in (
lege pa'tly to the van's visits
hsscicoi "My first exper'
u ways to pump i fe
tion project, says Don Mi
chemistry professor at Juniata Col-
lege and coordinator of the pro-
gram. Working with high-school
teachers, Mitchell and his col-
leagues found t
ed things for their students to cro
as well as updated training for
■a need Mitchell rec-
;o ;:i- ;'
chemistry, and I got interested in
nsp.-od by the success of Juni-
ata s program, two schools— Pur-
due University and Occidental Col-
lege—have developed similar out-
reach projects of their own. Many
in the education field believe pro-
grams like these are vital for the
future, where an increasingly tech-
nology-driven society demands a
better- prepared work force.
had one pH meter, and I had to
show them. The van brings a doz-
use them themselves, which is a
lot more interesting. Wouldn't you
rather do something than watch
do it?" DO
an lab equipment
can use to im-
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FUTURETALK IN WEST VIRGINIA:
Preparing for the millennium. Plus, a decidedly different kind of nuclear power,
and how refrigerators fight kidney disease
Berkeley Springs, WV — A casual visitor
would not take this tiny spa town nestled
up against Warm Springs Mountain for a
hotbed of thinking about the future. In
fact, it's the past that seems to dominate.
George Washington, after all, bathed
hers tor the (irsi lime ?45 years ago. He
named the town Bath, bought land, and
returned repeatedly to take the waters
with his Revolutionary War cronies. The lo-
cal museum flaunts Ihe town's history, tour-
ist accommodations tend toward the Vic-
torian and country styles, and most of the
shops visitors see sell antiques, not com-
puters or electronic gadgets.
Yel last winter, on seven different oc-
pacity crowd of 40 people to dine on del-
icacies such as Jamaican jerked chicken
or spicy Thai steak salad and spend the
cvoni'ig la <irg abojt "the Future."
"In Berkeley Spni';;s." admits restau-
rant owner Tari Hampe, "winters are very
slow. VJe were trying to come up with an
oca to increase tee woeknb'ni -'..sine;.;.
It really started because of the nature of
the people who move here — they need
more than a typical small town has to
offer." And, Hampe adds, because
Jeanne Mazier— resident as:r<;l"u;-'i\ writer, public-relations
consultant, and movie-theater operator— is really into
predicting the future.
m years from the millennium," Mozier said, for the people who lack them now; and increased but
In small towns, the
Hi* hub of political life.
from an image of backwardness, yet at-
tracts people like one couple who
moved there from Colorado because "it
has a rural environment and small com-
munities that still have the ability lo look
at the future and plan their own destiny."
Just what is that destiny? "The world is
going to come lo VJssf Virginia," predicts
poet Pat Love, clad in a red plaid shirt,
from his perch on a barstool in Tari's din-
ing room. "We have some of the only
clean air, clean water left on the East
Coast." Love says we all must find solu-
tions to the problems in our
we must find the needs in ou
ties and take care of them.
As the March winds whistled outside,
the amateur futurists brainstorming in the
cozy dining room had no trouble pinpoint-
ing either the state's needs or their po-
tcn'ia! so l lions: better roads, to promote
economic development; more libraries, to
promote literacy; a more aggressive and
hospitable state film office, to encourage
filmmakers to shoot on location in Vtest Vir-
to make up for a lag in technology and
spur an economic and educational
of nonprofit organizations to collaborate
addressing problem; ;j-.--> as pevo'vy and environmental
' provision of sanitary living accommodations
To her, this suggested a sh li from dominance to coopera-
tion, from 1 to 2. male to female, ecological thinking as op-
posed to linear Nineteen ninety-three was a uniquely sig-
nificant year because of
m to add fuel to the economy.
How will all this happen? "This state can take some of the
st ideas and incorporate them into how we run things."
ning tooeihe.' o' Ihe placets says Ooslia Mas-lie. Efismf. Panhandle bureau chief for
Uranus and Neptune. "With these two planets coming togeth- West Virgi
er, you are going to get either dissolution or the blowing apart things, we
of theexistingform,"shesaid. "This is the time to be f '
ing about what's on the other side of this change. We
an opportunity— a chance to envision Ihe future."
[-aoh pr^gr.-iiiiadii'ossor; as;x>;;r'.o neiro. sueh a.
ucation 2000. Art 2000, or Vfest Virginia 2000. Speake
eluded a professor of education, a local politi
reporter, and a numerologi
One of the liveli
ia, which ranks at<
a homeopath, a public-radio mayb*
Public Radio. "If another state has good
and bring them here."
David Welch, a Berkeley Springs resident who works as
a media consultant to Republican candidates all over the coun-
try, thinks part of the answer may lie in continuing discus-
sions like the ones held ias; winter "While there's a grow-
ing frustration with the political system and those who run it,
people are finding that coming together as ordinary citizens
et for their anger and creativity |i ■?,'■■ *.■ i;-
ing their congressman ' he says "' ihiiK a seed is bsnr.: ola'ii-
ed (in the discussions), but it may take time to break
through the ground and bear fruit."— ELLEN HOFFMAN
Hans U. Hertel. who tan
the Environ menial-Bio logical
Research Laboratory in
Wattenwil until spring 1993,
when he was appointed
European president of the
Wforld Foundation (or
Natural Science, claims lo
sinister changes in the blood
of people who eat micro-
In hundreds of trials,
Hertel fed eight volunteers
eight different foods— some
he reports, the blood
samples from the people
who ate foods cooked
and typical signs c" ">"k i;
The volunteers' eryth-ocytes
(red blood cells), leukcoy'.w;
(white blood cells) and
cholesterol increase:— h
strong sign of stress Hsrtel
says. At the same iir-e.
the hemoglobin (thr; Oiyje"
carrying pail ol the blood)
decreased. The react ons
in the blood were sir" ar
signs to those caui'e ■: n,
exposure to chemicals or
technical radiation, Herial
says, and are "indicative
of an early pathogenic proc-
ess, as in fact il may occur at
the actual start of cancer."
Another researchr-r how-
conclusions are hai' batted
Bernard Blanc of the Swiss
Federal Institute of Tech
nology and University n
Lausanne, who wo'ied 01
the study with Hertel oji
dissociated himself from
it shortly thereafter, claims
that Hertel is spreao ".g
Blanc disagrees vehemently
with Hertel's conclusions
and says the blood tests
didn't indicate a "predisposi-
of any pathological state."
At the least, Hertel
counters, the study should
motivate more research. "Nol
one other study has been
done on the hazards of
microwaves with regard to
radiated food," he says.
Undei a provision of the
federal Clean Air Act. the
irtcntonal release of chlo-
ic' jcrccarbons (CFCs),
. .' .1 •■ .depleting chemicals,
t-.f. -.11 :■ illegal on July 1 ,
•yx~, designed to save the
earth's ozone layer, the bill
also changes tie way people
d sposc of refrigerators,
freezers, and air condition-
ere The contraptions can no
longe- oe left on the
sidewa <s. nor can landfills
ac'.f: i them unless special
arrangements are made to
■?-.,,: <•-. their CFCs.
While some folks griped
about the measure. Andrew
Martin, president of New
England Appliance Recovery
Systems in Woburn, Massa-
chusetts, saw an opportunity
to pUt *e new law to good
prog-a— started in 1991,
■':.'•• n".idenls wishing to get
no ol ;; ;l refrigerators
can ced the National Kidney
Foundation of Massachu-
setts. wnich then contacts
r/iitir's company to arrange
for a p ckup. A fraction of the
d sposa fee goes to the
Fojrcation to support kidney
DURING AN AVERAGE
LIFETIME, A HUMAN
BEING BREATHES 500
research. The Foundation
became a kidney-dialysis
patient in 1979.
"Because of the poor
economy here, we didn't
want to keep soliciting cash
donations," explains Andrew
Malgieri. the Foundation's
development director. "We
started asking people for
something langible, and
what's more tangible than
New England Appliance
Recovery Systems now takes
in some 500 refrigerators
a week— a figure projected
to rise to 1,500 per week.
The company extracts CFCs
and saves them for reuse;
it also salvages steel, cop-
per, aluminum, brass, plas-
tic, and glass. "We recycle
ninety-two percent of the
materials in a refrigerator,"
Martin says.— Steve Nad is
called queen r
pheromone. Now £
at Simon Fraser University
in Vancouver possess the
queen's secret as well:
They've identified its rive
major ingredients, and
they're testing the effective-
ness of a diluted synthetic
spray in increasing the fruit
PheroTech, attracts worker
bees, which gather pollen
"Clearly, if we are able to
the kind of sociochemical
control the queen exercises
within the colony," Slessor
says, "we can dramatically
expand the economic value
of an already beneficial
Most of the pheromone s
produced by the queen are
pounds that help bees mate,
recognize their nest, and
THE HUMAN BRAIN CONTAINS
SOME 1 BILLION NERVE CELLS, EACH OF WHICH
HAS SOME 25,000 POSSIBLE
INTERCONNECTIONS WITH OTHER NERVE CELLS.
quality and yield of flower-
ing crops that rely on the
honeybee for pollination.
Chemist Keith N. Slessor
and biologist Mark L. Winston
report encouraging results
from preliminary tests on
pear trees, cranberries, and
blueberries. The chemical,
licensed to a company
class called "pr
mones, and it inhibits the
rest of the hive from raising
a new queen, much less
crowning her. That message
spreads through the
The scientists first docu-
mented queen mandibular
pheromone and the workers'
resulting behavior in the
mid 1980s, but pinpointing
the pheromone's compo-
nents required running some
3,000 bioassays. It turns
out that the compound,
produced by the mandibular
forms of d'
two aromatic compounds
hand as HOB and HVA.
A synthetic version of the
pheromone could prove
invaluable not only in
managed crop pollination,
because it stimulates pollen
foraging by worker bees,
but also in "monitoring and
potential control of honeybee
diseases," Slessor says.
—George Nob be
"The unleashed power of
lenged everything except
our way ol thinking. "
Ralph Moir, a physicist
at the Lawrence Livermore
National Laboratory, has
b ■ ^3
spent the past three dec-
ades trying to harness
nuclear fusion — the energy
of the stars— for electric
produced by a large power
power generation. Moir has
plant. Moir doesnt yet
explored the two leading
advocate the concept be-
approaches: magnetic con-
cause he still lacks safety
finement and inertial con-
and economic analyses.
finement. Sadly, achieving
"But this is something
fusion has proved elusive.
we can do today, unlike
Moir wondered whether
other fusion strategies,
there might be an easier
which is why we oughl to
route to fusion. He teamed
think about it."
up with Liver more 's Abra-
ham Szoke to investigate a
of Technology fusion expert
■'aoica. orcposi: on. ^c:; nci
Martin Greenwald is skepti-
cal. "Its hard enough
ground cavity and using the
dumps,' he says. "Who's
going to want nuclear
steam that would drive a
explosives going off every
turbine generator. Moir and
hour on the hour?"
Szoke figure they d have
Moir admits he hasn t
found a groundswell of
explosion- less than a
support. "If there is an
quarter of the yield of the
active constituency out
Hiroshima bomb — every
hour to match the electricity
from it." — Steve Nadis
Richard Steenblik used a
1910 physics handbook and
a vial of Chinese cinnamon
oil to develop a new three-
dimensional vision system.
Steenblik was a research-
er al the Georgia Institute
oi Technology when he first
noticed that a videogame
called Tempest produced
very slight three-dimensional
effects. He knew the effects
were caused by an im per-
fection, called chromatic
■:: oy f
the color red often comes
from nearby objects while
from objects farther away.
Steenblik wanted to find a
means of enhancing that
bending, or refracting, light
through two different liquids
would provide the necessary
tion. The 1910 physics text
he turned up noted that
Chinese cinnamon oil and
glycerin would create the
opposing refraction needed.
Finding the glycerin was
easy. Locating the cinnamor
SEVENTY PERCENT OF
CONSISTS OF SHED
ly found it, he used the oil, the
glycerin, and microscope
slides to build a pair of 3-D
glasses. They worked well
but were heavy and
unwieldy. "Not only that,"
explains the inventor, "but
cinnamon oil eats everything
organic, including the glue
holding the slides together."
So he turned to binary-
optics techniques developed
at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. The
binary-optics glasses use
pieces of holographic film
4/1000-inch thick that selec-
l ve v shift the points at which
different colors of light are
focused. The technique
makes different colors ap-
pear to be at varying
distances from the viewer —
the basis of the 3-D effect.
Steenblik and partner
Frederic ■■: Lauter have
formed a company called
Chromatek to market,
license, and manufacture
. . . HOW 1
stellar maps obsolete.
The key to the ground-
breaking sky survey lies in
a new telescope still under
By 1995, American astrono-
construction. When complet-
mers plan to begin the most
ambitious stellar map-
Apache Point, New Mexico,
making project ever They'll
near the Sacramento Park
chart the cosmic distribu-
Observatory. The tele-
tion of a million galaxies
scope's primary mirror, 2.5
and 100,000 quasars,
pinpointing their locations
four times the light-col-
on a three-dimensional
lecting power of the one
relief map that stretches to
used 40 years ago in the
the edge of the universe.
Palomar Sky Survey. And
"That's nearly a hundred
times larger than any
light detectors enable the
stellar catalog that's ever
telescope to capture more
existed before," says
of the light 'collected by the
Rrinceton University's Jere-
mirror— an impressive 60
miah P. Oslriker.
percent of the photons that
The Sloan Digital Sky
reach it. The images
Survey — named after the
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
be produced directly in
which Is providing $8
digital form, ready for im-.
million ol the project's S25
mediate classifying and
million cost — is due to wrap
cataloging, Ostriker says.
up by the turn of the
In addition to charting
century. The collected data
the distribution of stellar
should not only resolve
mailer, the sky survey
some ancient debates
should also shed new light
on dark matter and may
clusters and supercluslers
uncover new kinds of
of galaxies arose, but
objects never before seen.
also make all previous
— George Nobbe
Sicviv .-:«;.'. Hit S : n>r< fJ.'ii.M,' Sk\- S,'ie;. \;-i! map even the
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research biologist ai Florida
HARD OF HEARING?
Atlantic University, have
trained Stormy and Dundee,
Does poor hearing contrib-
two manatees at Tampa's
ute (□ the endangered
Lowry Park Zoo, to push one
manatee's unfortunate likeli-
paddle when they hear
hood of being slashed by a
a sound and to push another
boat propeller? Researchers
when they hear nothing.
Geoffrey Patton and
Edmund Gerstein think
so— and they're testing the
hearing ol two captive
can hear at selected V
If the theory proves
correct, countless manatees
"Once we've confirmed
that," Patton says, "we
might be saved simply by
outfitting boats with an
intend to introduce masking
background noise" to
underwater warning device
find out how well the animals
^*»^__ j^^f mana-
that emits frequencies the
can pick out sounds with-
tees," Pal ton notes. "That's
animals could hear says
in the noise.
why they were placed on the
Patton, an adjunct scientist
"And the third test will be
less than 2.000 manatees
end angered -species list in
at the Mote Marine Labora-
in directional sensitivity,"
living in Florida waters.
1973— and why they have
tory in Sarasota. Florida.
Patton continues. "We want
"Contact with humans has
no hope of ever being taken
Patton and Gerstein. a
lo determine how well the
doubled the natural mortality
off."— Donald Vaughan
die before reaching age 30.
is now negotiating with a
who*, aaa«er.wer 8 arrest-
Researchers at the tCI
Swedish drug manufacturer
ed and convicted. But in
Central Toxicology Laborato-
to develop NTBC as a com-
the first study of its kind, she
ry in Cheshire, England,
mercial drug. The prognosis?
looked not only at "did
formulated a substance
"We've treated loo few
called IMTBC as an agricul-
patients to say how they'll do
happened to her," but
tural herbicide. In the
in the long run," Lindstedt
at what point the woman
process, they noticed that
says. "But so far, we're quite
resisted. Ullman says.
(MET disease called tyrosines.
NTBC blocked the pro-
hopeful."— Bill Lawren
She found that the women
duction of tyrosine. They
who fought back cut their
NOT JUST ANOTHER
alerted tyrosinemia expert
chances of rape more than
Sven Lindstedt and his
colleagues at the University
In addition, they suffered no
n a remarkable example of
of Gothenburg in Sweden,
vised not to fight back
more injury and abuse
who soon administered
when confronting a potential
than the passive women.
NTBC to five patients aged
rapist. Research has indi-
Even so, Ullman wouldn't
substance developed to kill
two months to six years.
advise all women to resist
weeds is being used to
Although one patient
defend themselves are less
violently. "Every situation
real a potentially fatal liver
subsequently needed a liver
likely to be raped, they also
is unique," she says, "and
disease. Triggered by over-
transplant, after seven
experience more abuse and
every woman different."
production of the amino acid
months of treatment the other
injury. But recent work calls
Judith Siegel of UCLA's
yrosine, the malady, known
four showed improved liver
the old data into question.
School of Public Health
as hereditary tyrosinemia.
function and increased
University of Illinois at
can produce liver failure
appetite and were more alert
Chicago psychologist Sarah
She feels lhat most research
n infants or liver cancer in
and active. Lindstedl has
Ullman studied the cases of
supports resistance, while
children. Without a liver
274 women who were either
anecdotal advice promotes
ran sol ant. victims invariably
patients in 12 countries and
raped or avoided rape and
passivity. — Paul McCarthy
An extraordinarily detailed sculpture —
meticulously painted by hand.
steeped in tanr.isy. casiles inspire
enchanting visions of the days of yore.
Their massive walls and hartlcments
recall the age of chivalry. Their vast
halls evoke the era of great monarchies,
when resigns held court in chambers
No castle evokes such visions mure
than Ncuschwaiisrein Castle in Bavaria,
Germany — one of the most picturesque
castles in the world. Now, this magnifi-
cent castle is re-created in a finely
detailed sculpture available only from
the Dunbury Mint.
skillfully hand -pain ted.
From die turrets, to the hundreds of liny
ivindows and the rocky cliffs around its
base, this re-creation is expertly sculpt-
ed. The Enchanted Castle is crafted of
cold-cast porcelain — a blend uf pow-
dered porcelain and resin noted for its
Thp £nchann>d Castle
L'.kl' accept m\ i^-lc .11 1. -n Imi 7~Ji. : fiv'i.iiii.-.i
■■ to capture minute det
Liriknis p.im-l.iknielv ['.mil each m nlp-
ture by hand.
Attractively priced; sure to delight.
Ideally sized for a mantel, shelf or end
table, The t.icikml.'.h wle wll cupti-
ARTICLE BY DENNIS STACY
ightning flashed over Corona, New Mexico, and thunder rattled the thin windowpanes of the
small shack where ranch foreman Mac Brazel slept. Brazel was used to summer thunder-
he was suddenly brought wide awake by a loud explosion thai set the dishes in
the kitchen sink dancing. Sonotabitch, he thought to himself before sinking back to sleep, the sheep
will be scattered halfway between hell and nigh water come dawn.
In the morning, Brazel rode out on horseback, accompanied by seven-year-old Timothy Proctor,
to survey the damage. According to published accounts, Brazel and young Proctor stumbled
across something unearthly— a field of tattered debris two to three hundred yards wide stretching
some three-quarters of a mile in length. No rocket scientist, Brazel still realized he had something
strange on his hands— so strange that he decided to haul several pieces ot it into Roswell, some
75 miles distant, a day or two later.
For all its lightness, the debris in Brazel's pickup bed seemed remarkably durable. Sheriff
George Wilcox reportedly took one look at it and called the military at Roswell Army Air Field, then
ILLUSTRATION BY KENT WILLIAMS
agreed to accompany Bra-
zel back to the debris field.
As a consequence ot
history of tl
military appeared on the
front page of the Roswell
Daily Record for July 8,
1947. Authored by public-
information officer Lt. Wal-
ter Haut and approved by
base commander Col. Wil-
liam Blanchard, it admitted
garding UFOs "became a
reality yesterday when the
intelligence office of the
509th Bomb Group of the
Eighth Air Force, Roswell
Army Air Field, was for-
enough to gain p
n of a
the local ranchers and the
sheriff's office of Chaves
Haul's noon press re-
lease circled the planet,
reprinted in papers as far
abroad as Germany and
England, where it was
picked up by the pres-
tigious London Times.
UFOs were reall Media
calls poured in to the
Roswell Daily Record and
which had first broken the
in Fort Worth, Texas, Brig.
Gen. Roger Ramey, com-
mander of the Eighth Air
Force, held a press con-
porters' questions. Spread on the general's
lumps of a blackened, rubberlike materi;
pieces of what looked like a flimsy tinfoil kil
for pictures, kneeling on his carpet with the mater
Maj. Jesse Marcel, flown in from Roswell for the
Alas, allowed the general, the Roswell incident wat
case of mistaken identity; in reality, the so-called r
flying disc was nothing more than a weather balloon
with an attached radar reflector.
FREEDOM OF INFORMATION
FOR INVESnGATING UFOs
by paul McCarthy
Many people think the Freedom of Information Act
(FOIA). passed by Congress in 1966, gives an American
] any government document,
i have found that it gives them
the right to request, but government agencies retain the
right to deny— as they often do.
In fact, applicants find, FOIA requests may be sty-
mied by any number of exemptions. When information is
related to criminal investigations, pending policy
deliberations, national security considerations, or when it
violates an individual's privacy, the FOIA application is
denied. The applicant can appeal, of course, and if he or
she loses, may take the case to federal court— but who
has the money? On top of that. FOIA requests are not a
priority with the government, so some agencies have
backlogs that won't be acted upon tor years. On other
occas-cr'is UFO invciiiga'.o's iusix:-; Ihcr portions are
acted upon too quickly and end up in the circular file.
Yet thousands of pages of UFO documents have
been pried loose over the past 20 years. None clinch the
case for a government cover-up of UFO activity, but they,
along with the cross-referencing of other documents and
insider tips, hold out the intriguing possibility that the
government is clinging to hundreds of thousands at
pages of files tor the diligent or lucky to unearth. Hoping
to satisfy our 'cadors : ascinaion for government secrets
new and old, the following handbook details some o! the
most tantalizing FOIA requests and provides tips on
tapping the government for more.
dia bought tl
sinker." asserts Stanton
Friedman, a nuclear phys-
avia- on wilor Don Boili'ii-i
of Crash a! Corona, one of
balloon story w
press conference marks
Friedman refers to as a
"'Cosmic Watergate,' the
ongoing cover-up of the
about extraterrestrial UFOs
and their terrestrial activ-
ities." By contrast, says
Friedman, the original
cover-up pales in signif-
icance. In fact, if Friedman
and his cohorts within the
UFO community are cor-
rect, military involvement
crashed flying saucer
put Roswell in
Peebles, an a
of UFOs as ar
belief system in
! ,-',*i:c.'-' ,'.'-e
Skies! was just published
by the Smithso
tute. "And the
;. Ramey p
government and its relationship to the governed. Americans
have always been suspicious, if not actively contemptuous,
of their government. On the other hand, forget what the
government says and look at what it does. Is there any
evidence in the historical record that the Air Force or
gov'^rr ■■^c-.'l io-uvod as if t actually oath:-:: a fly ng sa ,ccr
presumably thousands of years in advance of anything on
either the Soviet or U.S. side? If there is, I didn't find it."
Regardless of its ultimate reality, however, Roswell
and frustrations Friedman
and fellow UFOIogists
have encountered in pry-
ing loose what the govern-
know about UFOs. Mem-
ir of ri
cording to Friedman, be-
cause of secrecy oaths.
Despite a trail that lay cold
for more than 30 years.
UFOIogists still consider
Roswell one of the most
convincing UFO cases on
record. In 1978. for ex-
ample. Friedman personal-
ly interviewed Maj. Jesse
Marcel shortly before his
death. "He still didn't know
says Friedman, "except
that it was like nothing he
had ever seen before and
certainly wasn't from any
weather balloon." Accord-
ing to what Marcel repor-
tedly iold Friedman, in fact,
the featherlight material
couldn't be denied by a
sledgehammer or burned
by a blowtorch.
Vet getting the Air Force
itself to say anything about
UFOs in general can be an
exercise in futility. Officials
are either buresuc'a: c-sliy
vague or maddeningly
abrupt. Maj. David Thurs-
ton, a Pentagon spokes-
person for ihe Air Force
Office of Public Affairs,
could only refer inquiries lo
the Air Force Historical Re-
search Center in Mont-
gomery, Alabama, where
microfilm for public review. But a spokesperson (here Sfi -i
they had no "investigative material" and suggested
checking the National Archives for files from Project Blue
Book, the Air Force's public UFO investigative agency from
the late 1940s until its closure in December of 1969.
Indeed, the dismissive- nit L,ro ivitn which U.S. officials
treated Blue Book research seemed to indicate they were
unimpressed; on that point, believers and skeptios alike
agree. But according to Friedman and colleagues, that
TIPS FOR ACCESSING CUSSIFIED
MATERIAL ON UFOs
ON THE DOCKET
UFOIogists list the most dramatic attempts to pry
loose documents still marked classified.
The Big Fish. The most important FOIA UFO case
ever, according to UFO researcher Stanton Friedman.
was filed in 1979 against the CIA. Citizens Against UFO
Secrecy (CAUS), an Alexandria. Virginia, organization
headed by Larry Bryant, joined with others, including
Friedman, to go after all UFO documents in the
possession of the CIA. The CIA responded that it could
do nothing because the documents it had were issued
by other agencies and could only be released by them.
Of those, CAUS went after 18 National Security Agency
(NSA) documents, but the NSA would not release them,
claiming they would reveal "sources and methods."
CAUS filed an admin i-strative appeal with the NSA and
lost. It then went to federal court, and the judge ordered
NSA to search its files for UFO documents. Surprise: 239
documents showed up— 79 from other unnamed
agencies, 23 from the CIA, and 137 unexpected NSA
bonus documents. Still, the NSA refused to release them,
and the judge, after reading the NSA's justification,
agreed. Under a later FOIA action, the CIA released 9 of
its 23 documents, mostly unimportant abstracts of
Eastern European press stories on UFOs. Adding the
original 18 NSA documents that CAUS sought to the
newly uncovered batch of 137 shows that the NSA held
on to 155 while the CIA retained 11. In addition, 79
documents from other agencies never saw the light of
day — proof, according to Friedman, that the government
can keep a secret.
Project Moon Dust. Projects Mcon Dust and Blue Fly
are purportedly efforts aimed at retrieving manmade
space objects that reenter the atmosphere and crash.
_nd Blue Book
i eyes of Blue
meetings of upper-echelon
intelligence officers from
military and civilian agen-
cies alike, UFOs— includ-
ing real crashed saucers
and the mangled bodies of
aliens — were the subject of
endless study and debate.
man. proof of this UFO
reality can be found in the
classified files of govern-
With all this
i the surface until
amended in the last year of
the Nixon administration
(1974) to include the Pri-
sur prised to find that their
personal UFO activities
had resulted in govern-
UFO Secrecy (CAUS) and
other UFO activists even-
tually unleashed a flood
tide of previously classified
In many cases, notes Barry Greenwood, director of
research for CAUS and coauthor with Lawrence Fawcett of
The Government UFO Cover-up, most agencies at first
denied they had any such documents i" their "ilss A ...,sss.
in point is the CIA," says Greenwood "vfa's h assu'ed us
that Its merest and involver-ei- «■ Uf-Os enono in 1953.
After a lengthy lawsuit, the C A Utimaroly '0 cased ~:ore
than a thousand pages of document To date we've
acquired more than ten thousand documorts porta nlng to
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UFOs, [he o
Force, arid VI
ning majority of
e CIA, FBI, Air
ler military agen-
cies. It's sale 10 say mere are probably
As might be expected, the UFO pa-
per (rail is a mixed bag. Many of the doc-
uments released are simple sighi 'ig re-
ports logged well alter the demise of
Blue Book. Others are more tantalizing.
A document released by Ihe North Amer-
ican Aerospace Defense Command
(NORAD) revealed that several sensi-
tive military bases scattered (rom
Maine to Montana were temporarily put
on alert status following a sorbs or spr-
ings in October and November ot 1975.
An Air Force Office of Special Intelli-
gence document reported a landed
light seen near Kirttand Air Force
Base, Albuquerque. New Mexico, on
the night of August 8, 1980.
Another warm and still-smoking gun.
according to Greenwood, is the so-
called Bolender memo, named after its
author, Brig Gen. C. H. Bolender. then
Air Force deputy director ol
development. Dated Octo-
ber 20, 1969, it expressly
fied flying objects which
could affect national securi-
ty .. . are not part of the
Blue Book system." Says
Anything." Using cross references
found in CIA and other intelligence-
agency papers. CAUS attorneys filed
lor tin: release of all NSA documents per-
taining to the UFO phenomenon. After
initial denials, Ihe NSA admitted to the
but resisted their release on the
grounds of national security.
Federal District Judge Gerhard Ges-
sell upheld the NSA's request for sup-
pression following a review (judge's
chambers only) of Ihe agency's classi-
fied 21-page In Camera petition. "Two
years later." Greenwood says, "we fi-
nally got a copy of the NSA In Camera
affidavit. Of 582 lines, 412, or approxi-
mately 75 percent, were completely
blacked out. The government can't
have it both ways. Either UFOs affect
n.iri.jrifil sccuriw or rhey don't."
The NSA's blockage of the CAUS
suit only highlights the shortcomings of
the Freedom ot Information Act, accord-
ing to Friedman. (See the sidebar 'Free-
dom Fighters Handbook," beginning on
c and Republic
grow;r of both science and technology.
Bureaucratic secrecy is also prohibi-
Aftergood cites some daunting sta-
tistics in his favor. Despite campaign
ession of Democrat-
more publicly accessible, more than
300 million documents compiled prior
to 1960 in the National Archives alone
slil I await declassification. Aftergood al-
so points to a 1990 Department of De-
fense study, which estimated (he cost
of protecting Industrial — not military —
'I take that t<
at Blue Book was lit
"OUR PROBLEM IS WITH
GOVERNMENT SECRECY, BECAUSE IT WIDENS
THE GAP BETWEEN
CITIZENS AND GOVERNMENT, MAKING IT
THAT MUCH MORE DIFFICULT TO
PARTICIPATE IN THE DEMOCRATIC PROCESS."
'That's a budget about the s
NASA's," he says, adding that "the
numbers were ludicrous enough during
the Cold War, but now thai the Cold
War is supposedly over, they're even
Could the Air Force and other gov-
den agenda for maintaining the reput-
ed Cosmic Watergate? Yes, according
UFOs may be our own ad-
aerial platforms, not exlrater-
hlgh. Something of the sort
could be occurring at the
supersecjet Groom Lake
test facility in Nevada, part of
e gunnery rang
of Las Vega;
," says Philip Klass. a former si
Technology and i
would happen wit
[hat other channels for
they incoming Soviet r
memo speaks for itself,
jlhor of UFOs: The
he Bolender memo
e problem of what
UFO reports of any
closure ol Project
ch reports, be
patio 36 i ' "h. A'--ii_-rir:ar pL.ijIic oper-
ates under the illusion that the FOIA is
some sort of magical key that will un-
lock all of the government's secret
vaults," he says, "that all you have to
"; ask. They a'
! ;, ; r-| |-,o;- !;=i I
i big computer file some-
in the bowels of the Pen-
nothing could be farther
enced attachments are presently report-
ed as missing from Air Force files.''
M ssmg tiles are one problem. Files
known to exist but kept under wraps,
notes Greenwood, are another. To
make his poinl, he cites a case Involv-
ing the ultrasecret National Security
Agency, or NSA, an acronym often as-
sumed by Insiders to mean "Never Say
years, UFOIogists have
usual ally in the person of
Steven Aftergood, an electrical engi-
neer who directs the Project on Govern-
ment and Secrecy for the Washington,
DC-based Federation ol American Sci-
entists, whore most members wouldn't
ordinarily give UFOs the time ol day.
"Our problem." says Aftergood. "is
with government secrecy on principle,
because it widens the gap between citi-
zens and government making il :na!
much more difficult to participate in the
democratic process. It's also antitheti-
cal to peer review and cross-fortihzat.cn.
two natural processes conducive to the
Groom Lake runway, one of
the world's longest, could be
home to the much-rumored Aurora, re-
puted to be a hypersonic Mach-8 spy
plane and a replacement for the recent-
ly retired SR-71 Blackbird.
In fact, the Air Force routinely denies
the existence of Aurora. And with Blue
Book a closed chapter, it no longer has
'e held press conferences to answer re-
porters' questions about UFOs. From
ihe governmtrir s perspective, the cur-
rent confusion between terrestrial tech-
nology and extraterrestrial UFOs could
be a '-lamage of both coincidence and
convenience. The Air Force doesn't
seem to be taking chances. On Septem-
ber 30 of las! year, it initiated proce-
dures to seize another 3,900 acres ad-
joining Groom Lake, effectively sealing
off two public viewing sites of a base il
refuses to admit exists.
By perpetuating such disinformation,
if that Is, in fact, what's happening, the
Air Force might be using a page torn
from the Soviet Union's Cold War play-
book. James Oberg, a senior space en-
gineer and author of Red Star in Orbit.
a critical analysis of the Soviet space
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A STORY TOLD
AS A SONNET REDOUBLE BY
' " ie tfiat 9 died was fire c
cancer pre , as pain drugs lost tfietr now . . .
SJ told tfiem qo afiead and tfirooj tfie dice'
surrender to l/ie cryogenic cold
ifiese old and torn, worn and stilcfied remains
of me Soda I fiat Vso a f adit/ c
of the bodg that J so g tad it/ c
ihrouafi one lifeS, t/ie first t/fes. piec
-Jemporary dealfi . Stce to freeze those sores.
yf it's real dealfi, then it is not fling m
Une ciiance of dealfi was fiaured in Ixjv piiuv:
tfie price tfiat left mu fieirs a little poor.
Mul 9 would ratner put ' mu life on ice . . .
St'm old enougfi to fnow wfiat life is a/orlfi—
quite old, out still too young for asfi or earth.
I HAD TIME. DUST TURN'S INTO
I toured their faciory. I saw the piac
where what was left of me would tin
A pool of nitrogen, wherein we gue;
will sleep for ages, wailing for [he r;
of future not-quite- mortals who'll era
our frozen bones wil
is up to us: to fin<
in that luture world.
again The re
But what caught at
into limbo. That tuture paradise
was too remote (and wasn't guaranteed].
Pain flame and cryogenic reservoir:
Ihe firsl time that I died was fire and ice.
The final months of life, I had to bide,
and let Ihe cancer win. An accident,
any end that's swift, convenient —
would mean Ihe brain would start to die without
the tubes and wires in place to save the cells
thai make us who we are. A final bout
with pain, indignity, hospital smells
and lights and noise, noise.
Then death. And then
the blood sucked out, replaced with slippery stuff
that doesn't freeze. The pool of nitrogen . . .
but I could feel. I wasn't dead enough.
At least it was relief from uncontrolled
cancer fire, as parn drugs lost their hold.
I do remember that the doctors said
nor skin for silence, dark, and cold. Bui I
suspect that they could fell I wasn't dead.
I wonder if they knew this gelid bed
Recalling every kid I tattled on
Recapitulating every mean
seduction, lie, double cross and vice
that soured my eighty years. Would I have gi
if I had known what I was getting when
I told them go ahead and throw the dice?
Not quite dead. I wondered if they knew —
I wondered — then for more
I plotted, and I swore
a sick revenge on that unholy crew,
who locked me in this frozen cell, this brew
of steamy cold.
But slowly, reason bore
STARS STARS TURN INTO ROCK.
dull fruit: since no one yet had come ashore
from this frigid sea, they had no clue
to hint that we might dream as well as sleep.
And though it felt like centuries that rolled
along, waiting for this sudden leap
of logic— it was moments, rendered old
and slow in this frozen brain's deep
surrender to the cryogenic cold.
I know I lost my mind, knowing ths
that if I slept for just one hundred years
before the warming metamorphosis,
and pains recalled — a track of frozen tears
and silent screams that crawled its creeping way
of ice reserved for those who have to pay
the price for playing God.
I screamed away
a few millenniums in that cold hell,
or maybe microseconds. I didn't stay
insane for longer than Rome rose and fell.
Please. Thaw or kill these frozen brains;
these old and torn, worn and stitched. remains.
Time. I had time. Dust turns into stars,
stars turn into rock, in the millenniums
I screamed away in madness. But as the sun
will one day cool to red, to brown, to black;
so cooled my lunacy. If it left scars,
li ;ilaij piiiil 1'iii priceless plenum:
back from such a long and twisted track.
I do remember crazy people. Poor
Bernice, who had it all: cool intelligence,
beauty, youth, my love. The way lhat she
destroyed that body makes me glad to be
of the body that I so gladly wore.
What I'd seen as prison was complete
freedom!— inconceivable to those
who simply live Bars of time enclose
your cage: your heart will beat Iwo billion beats
and then your mind will stop. My mind cheats
the grave; my body will not dcccnposc
not the mind, but just the dying meat.
si quite lifeless, cold beyond cold
lunctions well enough, and still maintains
kind of fond remembrance for the slab
; meal that brought me, more or less who
Other Games May Talk.
This One Has a Voice.
Star Trek: The Ncxf Generation's
[LANDS OF LORE:
The Dark Army is on the move, led by the shape-
shifting sorceress Scotia — and each ti
her she'll be more powerful and terrifying
than the last But your powers can grow, too.
I A|ienein.e(i-ha-cd (_har.ii.KT .k-Y./lnpni.Ti. in.i
great warnon of those who take anus (in real-ti
combat) against a sea of indescribable i
and makes mighty
wizards of those
who cast Larger-
A SOUND, LIKE A FLUTE THAT
through one life'; "ho .'re; .'fc's. pleasures and pains.
Perhaps I Ihink about this body more
now thai I'm detached (com it. The pain
as eight years of unrelenting drain
(ewed my life— spattered it with gore
and rot!— penetrated to the core
of whatever self we have. The Drain
; not the "self," I know. But it's plain
nat something like a sell will be restored.
anything's restored. They gave no bond.
o guarantee. I gladly paid the lab
>r this most expensive and, of course,
■ricetess, gift, to find myself beyond
temporary death. Ice to freeze those sores.
•njriK-i'ii'in'a diffcor-t Sonv.ahi-ig's happening.
I hear a sound, like a flute that's purring low
and softly. Then, dim colors sparkling
at the edge of vision. A smell of snow-
not a smell remembered, but a true
perception ... the smell of liquid nitrogen?
The colors merge into a solid blue;
1 suddenly, all over, feel my skin
screaming pain, beyond the cancer pain,
shrieking now from skin through gut and bone—
and then it stops. The senses dead again,
but now the body absolutely gone.
A different kind of numbness from before . . .
if it's real death, then it is nothing more.
But then I heard my ramo Net as a word
so much as a thought— but it was an alien thought,
that didn't come from me! The Outside sought
attention, the warm Outside. I said I'd heard,
and in a microsecond they transferred
a trillion bits of truth: the life I'd bought
was ready to be claimed. I could be thawed . . .
at least the brain. The body's dead, interred.
Which is what
d felt. Of course it
They had a ne
h young body they
me to. A good
chance, but 1 die if
Filty-fifty? No, a little less.
The chance of
death was figured i
But this requir
s some thought. 1 c
for centuries ir
this not unpleasanl
Be content to
a metaphor m
de frozen flesh— my fate.
at very worst,
o sit and glaciate
in ponderous -
enility. At best.
IS PURRING LOW AND SOFTLY.
a simple winking out. I did debate
this for a blink or Iwo. But my bequest
to my future self was not a slow
surrender: millenniums of icy rest.
They claimed I could be lhawed. So here's the test.
Let's throw the dice. That was the reason for
the price that left my heirs a little poor.
It only worked part way. I felt the cold
diminish at what seemed a rapid pace-
then realized what it was! The old
ice -on -skin sensation on my face
and body, new body: tingling, then I braced
for pain, for frostbite pain not quite controlled
by drugs . . it didn't come. The doctors raced
to save my future self They lost their hold.
I lost a neuron here and there, but wound
up pretty much the same, in this nice
private cryogenic paradise.
They'd olfered me a choice: be wheeled around
in some robot thing, alive though bound.
But I would rather put my life on ice.
Again and then again they tried. Technique
improved, and after only forty years —
l twenty bodies— this antique
: and white and glare: tl
where I had gone lo die Iwo centuries before.
I braced for pain, but it didn't come.
They'd fixed that part. The body that I bore
was male and young, but weak. Too weak to rise
A nurse, in accents very strange, said Wait.
A month or two of painful exercise
and you will be . . . whoever you create.
So hurl me. More than anyone on earth.
I'm otd enough to know what life is worth.
years enough tc
This antique bra
a body thai would last. So now we all
slip forward to our future life, deprived
of death unless we want to die. Life palls.
rl f:fl I
and hope to persevere ui
it death of the universe. W
keep warm until thai final
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MILITARY UFO UNDERGROUND
'id Michael Kennedy
Omni cannot endorse Ihe veracity of the s
nary tales like these require extraordinary levels of
proof certainly not furnished in our pages, nor. we
feel, anywhere else. Tntit said, we'll got to the fun part. In
the pages that follow, you'll find strange tales ol alien
intrigue and UFO woe. Decide for yourself: Are these the
ravings of demented hoaxers and madmen or revelations of
truth? Their stones, delivered in dossier format, have been
edited Irom interviews conducted by author A. J, S. Rayl
during the past year.
NATO Meets E.T.
Name: Robert O. Dean, retired Army command ser-
Claim: Back in Ihe Sixties, NATO issued a classified
report stating that UFOs were real, ol extraterrestrial origin,
and had visited the earth. This extraordinary report was
preme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe (SHAPE), lo-
cated then just outside of Paris, France.
Background: Dean, a highly decorated veteran, served
on the front lines in both Korea and Vietnam. In 1963, while
assigned to the !:k. promo Hc-adqjri'K:^ Operations Center
(SHOD), SHAPE'S war room, headed up by then-supreme
allied commander of Europe, Gen. Lyman Lemnitzer, Dean
e of those choice a
security background checks. I applied on a whim and got
it. 1 was very proud and pleased. At SHAPE, I was put
through more security shocks, given a Cosmic Top Secret
(yes, this is a real term) clearance, the highest NATO has,
and assigned to the Supreme Headquarters Operations
Center, known as SHOC, the NATO war room, in those
days, the activity would run hot and cold and much of it
would depend on how the Soviets wanted to play it. The
mosl Intriguing thing to me was that we were continually
having a problem with large, metallic, circular objects that
would appear over central Europe; these were reported as
visual phenomena by our pilots and appeared on radar as
welt. Some flew in formation, and most of the lime we
spotted them coming out of the Soviet Union, over East
Germany, West Germany, France, and then they would
r;i;on ci'clc- somcAhcrc over Ihe English Channel and head
north, disappearing from NATO radar over Ihe Norwegian
Sea. These objects were very large, moving very fast, at
very high altitudes— higher than we could reach at the
time — and they seemed obviously under intelligent control.
"I was lold this had been going on tor some time and
that in February 1961 there had been quite a scare. Fifty of
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these objects were spotted on radar
and headed in formation Irom the So-
viet Union toward Europe. Hying at
about 100.000 feet. The Soviets had
closed all borders. Everybody went to
red alert. All hell broke loose. We really
thought 'The War' had started. We scram-
bled. Wfe knew the Russians wore scram
bling. It was the largest number ot
these objects that had been seen. For-
tunately—and only by the grace oi
God— we didn't start bombing and nei-
preme Allied Commander of Europe, Sir
Thomas Pike, had been repeatedly re-
questing information from London and
Washington about these objects, but
nothing would ever come. We found out
later that the Columbine-Topaz spy
ring in Paris was intercepting everything
and forwarding it to the KGB. which ol-
li'.ri goi intelligence information oven be-
fore we did. So Pike decided, I was
told, to develop an m-house study to de-
termine whether Ihese objects were a
"In the meantime, the UFO matter lit-
erally brought about the establishment
of direct communication betweer
East and West in 1962, which I ha\
ways found interesting and ironic
had pretty well determined by
time that these were not Russian craft,
and the Russians had determined they
derslanding, and a direct telephone
line was opened between SHOC and
the Warsaw Pact Headquarters Com-
mand. Of course, a setup was always
a possibility, so we had backup ways
of checking out whether the Russians
were being truthful. But since we were
both armed to the teeth and Wbrid War
III was just ticking away, it was a logi-
cal step in the right direction. That idea
stamped Cosmic Top Secret, had
eight inches worth of appendices, doz-
ens of photographs, and had been
signed into the vault by German colo-
nel Heinz Berger, SHOC's head of se-
curity: I quickly learned that it was
based on two and a hall years of re-
search, was funded by NATO money,
and that only 15 copies were pub-
lished—in English, German, and
French. Each one was numbered. All
were classified and ordered to be kept
under lock and key.
"Every time I got the chance, from
then until I lelt, I would read a section
or two in it. It was the most intriguing
document I'd ever read. II was put to-
gether by military representatives ot eve-
ry NATO nation and also included contri-
butions from some of the greatest sci-
entific minds. These objects were vio-
lating all of our known laws of physics,
and the study team had gone to Cam-
bridge, Oxlord, the Sorbonne, MIT, and
other major universities lor input on
chemistry, physics, atmospheric phys-
ics, biology, history, psychology, and
even theology, all of which were sepa-
"I read about theories on Einstein's
sought-after unitied-field theory, the
high radiation at various landing sites,
and UFO reports thai dated back to the
Roman era and up to our own F105 pi-
and on. I had always been a skeptic,
but this report, well ... it concluded
thai this stuff was not science fiction.
"I read aboul contact encounters.
One incident that had jusl happened in
1963 involved a landing on a Danish
farm. According to the report, the farm-
ally even talked about the possibilities.
But nothing really prepared me for
what I started to read in Ihe early morn-
ing hours one nighl in January 1964.
"It was about 2:00 a.m. and a rela-
tively quiet night when the SHOC con-
troller on duty went into the vault and
came out with this huge document.
'Take a look at this,' he said. The title
was simply Assessment: An Evaluation
of a Possible Military Threat to Allied
Forces in Europe. It was numbered. #3,
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spoke to him in Danish. The report ir
eluded parts of his interrogation by gov-
ernment authorities and their cor
sions thai he was telling the truth. Ir
other incident, according to Ihe reports,
a craft landed on an Italian airfield and
offered to lake an Italian sergeant for a
ride. He wet his pants — that's what it
said— and was so scared, he didn't go.
"The appendit that really got tc
was titled 'Autopsies.' I saw pictures of
a 30-meter disc lhat had crashed in Tim-
mensdorfer, Germany, near the Baltic
Sea in 1961. The British Army, accord-
ing to the report, got there first and r.
up a perimeter. The craft had land
in very soft, loamy soil near the Russi
border and so hadn't destructed. t
one-third ol it was buried in, We and t
. who also quickly showed up,
ill dead. There w
= pictures of the bod-
known as the "grays,' being laid out and
then put on stretchers and loaded into
jeeps, and autopsy photos, too. Some
of the little grays appeared to nol be a
reproductive-capable species. The au-
topsy guys concluded, according to the
report, that it looked as if Ihey had
clones with no alimentary trad. They did
not ingesl or process food as we know
it. nor did it appear Lhat they had any
system lor elimination
"The craft itself \
hauled off. Scuttlebi.r
giyen to the Americana ard Mown to
Wnght-Palterson A' Force case n
Ohio I looked at these p>c:ures aid
i j nikln't believe it. t,'-, w< i <)ol cole arc
I thought, My God. I red rever really
The major oonolua one in 'he NATO
report blew me away, rhere were :,ve.
1) The planet and human race had
been the subject of a detailed .survey
of some kind by several different extra-
le'restnal civilizations, four of which
Ihey had identified visually. One race
looked almost indistinguishable from us.
Another resembled humans in height,
statute, and structure, but wilh a very
gray, pasty skin
now popularly known as the grays, and
the fourth was described as reptilian,
with vertical pupils and lizardlike skin.
2] These alien visitations had been go-
ing on for a very long time, at least 200
years perhaps longer. 3] The extrater-
restrials did not appear hostile since if
lhat were their intent they would have
already demonstrated their malevo-
lence. 4) UFO appearances and quick
disappearances as well as the flybys
-lorsiraicrs r.onducled on pur-
pose ic show us some of their capabil-
ities t;) A process or program of some
sort seemed to be underway since fly-
■i,-- r>. -pressed to landings and even-
lual y contact.
I wanted so badly to copy this
th ng i d.d take a photograph of the cov-
er snoot, which wasn't in and of itself
classified. But I didn't want to wind up
In Foft Leavenworth. So instead I
wouC go to the bathroom and take
notCO surreptitiously, very carefully.
"I have been through an awful lot in
my life, but I've never been able to just
walk away from that report. I know thai
I'm taking a chance by violating my
oaths. But this is the most important is-
sue of our times- so damn important
lhat I can't think of anything more im-
portant, and the public has been de-
years. It's the biggest scientific, politi-
cal scandal ever. Besides, what have
I got to lose? I'm 64 years old now. Are
they going to bump me off? I have told
the truth. My integrity and credibility
stand. When is our government going
to tell the truth?"
Update: After 27 years of miliiary ser-
vice, Dean retired and began another
14-year career with the Pima County
Sheriff's Department Emergency Ser-
vices in Tucson, Arizona. In 1990. he
gave a lecture at the University of Ari-
zona in which he talked aboul UFOs.
The talk garnered local media cover-
age. Afterward, he was denied a pro-
motion at Ihe Sheriff's Department, be-
cause, he alleged, he believed in
UFOs. Dean filed suit and won an out-
of-court settlement in March 1992. Now
retired. Dean has become a member of
several UFO organizations and has
begun giving occasional lectures. He is
working through any and all legiiimale
channels" to uncover a copy of the
NATO document and to gallic-' witness-
es for an open Congressional hearing
on the subject of UFOs.
Official Response: "Our list of classi-
fied documents generated by SHAPE
it that ti.
titles similar to that cited ^by Mr. Dean."
says Lt. Col. Plainer Otte, German Air
Force, deputy chief, media section of
Ihe pub lie -information office at SHAPE.
under national eonrre :l
Information on the security clearance
that Mr. Dean held may— if ever— only
The Critics' Corner- -This is a fascina>
i.-irj SXi'y but iantastic c-aims like toso
i'i-ji-(l more than one man's test mony to
be credible." says Jerome Clark of the
Center lor UFO Studies. "Unless inde-
pendent verification comes forth, this re-
mains Only an intngu ng anecdote roi
utilise many others lhat have circulat-
ed since Ihe early UFO era."
spacecralt being researched and
tesled on the Nellis Air Flange in cen-
Background: From 1982 to 1984,
Lazar claims he worked al Los Alamos
National Laboratory in New Mexico in
the Meson Physics lab with a Q-level se-
curity clearance. In 1985, while on va-
c-alien m Nevada, he wound up buying
into a legal Reno brothel; the investment
proved so profitable that he didn't
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1986. In 1988, he wanted to get back
into scientific work and was hired, he
says, to work on the top-secret Project
Galileo. Lazar passed a ire-detector
test in 1989, arranged by George
Knapp, then an anchorman for K LAS-
TV, the CBS affiliate in Las Vegas, Ne-
vada, for a spec al loca ly aireo series.
UFOs; The Best Evidence.
The Story: "In 1988, 1 decided to reen-
ter the scientific community and sent
resumes to various people. Finally, I in-
voted to the study of nine dis^ v !•.;«-;:
extraterrestrial craft that were soro-now
acquired by the U.S. government
"I was assigned back engmeenrg
tasks on the reactor and grav ry propul
sion system of one of the c"
tially to help figure out what made ■!
work. I don't know whether >i wa« »
crash retrieval, although I doubt il be-
cause the disc didn't appear damaged
in any way. In the briefing reports,
there were pictures of several discs
along with some of Ihe information
they had already obtained from back en-
was stunned at
e time, f
I exhilarated al
"Not long after, I was flown along
withseveralothersouttoarea51 on the
Nellis Air Range. There, we were put on
a bus with blacked-out windows and driv-
en about 15 miles south to the Papoose
dry lake bed, bordered by the Papoose
Mountains, where there was an instal-
lation they called 'S4.'
"I was introduced to my supervisor
and a co-worker and then given a
stack of briefings on various p.'0|>scts.
including Project Galileo, which was de-
wasn't exactly the kin
where you could just start asking any
and every question you had. Security,
in fact, was oppressive. You were es-
corted everywhere, even the bathroom.
And if your I.D. badge was jusl the slight-
est bit out of place, you would be tack-
led by a guard and held with a gun to
your head until your supervisor arrived.
And the guards lived for that.
just surreal. There was a poster of the
disc I was working on, which I dubbed
the Sport Model, on several walls. It
read, They're here.
I :valt with only the power sources
.i f iiivpulsion systems on one of the
discs and I did enter that one disc on
so.cial occasions. The disc was approx-
imately 15 feet tall and about 52 feet "
" had the appearant
brushed stainless steel or brushed alu-
know il it was metal, but I did run my
hands down the side of it getting in, and
it felt cold, like metal, and it looked like
welds or bolts or rivets, and it looked
as if it were injection molded.
much loo small to comfortably handle
an averaged-sized human, I bumped
my head on the ends of the craft, so f
concluded that the ceiling curved
down to below five teet, 11 inches in-
side. There was not a right angle cut
anywhere in Ihe craft. Everything had
a smooth curve to it.
"The reactor, which produced anli-
s rolally si
about 18 inches indiameter and 12 irn
es tall and was located in the center ol
the disc. It operaled like a tiny ballet,
where everything that happened relied
on the effect before it. The way it ac-
celerated protons inside of it, the way
it any wasted
approaching a 100-perceni dynam-
ic efficiency. Now that seems impossi-
ble when you consider the laws of ther-
modynamics. All I can say is that this
technology is well beyond anything
lhat we now know with our twentieth-
ment that is nt
t found here
Part of my con
ibution to the
t where this
plugged into th
3 periodic char;. :\'o I it
didn't plug in anywhere, so w
number of 1
been theorized for some time
13, 114, and
this is apparently what we wer
Element 115 is
■iereslmq properties. It
ide the react:
le source of i
and amplified by the
ginning to lift off. Except for a slight hos-
ing, it made no noise. It lifted to about
3D feet off the ground. The hissing
stopped, and it just hung silently in the
air, moving to the left, then right. It was
"The way information is compartmen-
talized, that's alt the hands-on informa-
tion and experience I was allowed to
have access to, though wc were given
the chance on occasion and only for
short periods of lime to reac: briefing re-
ports that detailed other aspects of
this project. The reports I read that
dealt with power and propulsion sys-
to myself by working on the system.
Still. I draw a hard line between what I
know to be true and what I read in Ihe
nihei ii'icfing reports.
"With that understanding. I did read
reports about the origin of this disc. Ac-
cording to one of the briefings, it came
from the Zeta Heticuli sfar system. Now
obviously I didn't fly in a craft or go to
that star system, so 1 don'l really know
i:--ii'Hi.: b.iok again and again.
"Anyway, the third time we got
caught by the Wackenhut Security
guards out on the Bureau of Land Man-
agement land that surrounds the
range. They turned me in. Needless to
say, officials at Mellis weren't happy. I
went through a debriefing and was
threatened at that time. I was scared
and felt that I needed to break away
from this before I couldn't.
"Not only did I believe this technol-
ogy should be given to the greater sci-
entific community, but I also believed
my only protection was to get the story
out. A friend convinced me to lalk lo
George Knapp at KLAS-TV. I figured if
they killed me, then it would simply
prove that what I was saying was true.
"There are many scientists who the-
orize that there simply cannot be extra-
terrestrial aiscs here, lhat aliens could
nol oossibly have come here specifical-
ly, because the distance traveled is too
great and the energy required loo awe-
eled and propelled by virtue
of eiemenl 115.
"There was a storage of sil-
per-orange color and ;->:i
ly heavy. While it was not
oactive, we assumed il
guently handled it as such.
"In all the discs at S'
there were three gravity an
plnors posilioned in a triad at the oase
of the craft. These were the propulsior
devices. Essentially, what they did was
amplify gravity waves out of phase
with those of the earth. The crall oper-
"ACCORDING TO ONE
REPORT, THE CRAFT CAME FROM THE ZETA
RETICULI STAR SYSTEM.
THE ALIENS TOLD OFFICIALS THEY HAD BEEN
COMING FOR 10,000 YEARS
TO ACCELERATE THE EVOLUTION OF MAN."
3 thai c
l contact \
;h indicated hi
t many gravity ai
configu-alion. only one amplifier was
used; Ihe olher two were swung out of
the way and tucked inside the disc. In
omicron mode, the crafts can essential-
ly rise and hover but do little else. To
leave the atmosphere, however, all
three gravey amp'ifie's have to be pow-
ered up and focused on the desired lo-
cation. Finally, the crafts do not travel
in a linear mode. Rather, we determined
that the discs produced their own grav-
itational fields in order lo distort time
and space and essentially pull their
destinations to them.
"One afternoon, my colleagues and
I walked out onto the dry lake bed. The
disc on which we had been working,
the Sport Model, had already been
moved out of the hangar and was be-
in code. Also, according lo the report,
these beings told our officials that ihey
had been coming here for 10,000
years, that humans are the product of
externally corrected evolution, and
that they were integral to the acceler-
aied evolulion of man,
"My tolerance for the intensive secu-
rity rapidly diminished. Because ci the
24-hour telephone surveillance, tney
found out I was having ■"na'rtal proh'e"s
and told me the situation had made me
a candidate for 'emotional instability.'
They then look my security clearance and
told me I could reapply in si* months.
"Wfell, l knew the lest schedule, and
ed to show some friends from a dis-
tance what I had been working on. Vfe
light. What I reported is
what I experienced, though
in some respects I regret go-
ing public. If I had it to do
over again, I might be more
inclined to slay on as one of
Update: In 1990, after
from Project Galileo, he ac-
cepted a freelance job set-
ting up a database and sur-
veillance system for an ille-
gal Las Vegas brothel. That gig even-
tually garnered him six felony counts,
including aiding and abetting a prosti-
lule, running a house of prostitution,
and living off the earnings ol a prosti-
tute. The charges were quickly
dropped to a single lelony count of pan-
dering. The one good thing that came
out of the resu.ting trial. Lazar says, s
that he's not being followed anymore—
at least not to his knowledge. "I guess
they figured the pandering conviction
d scr«ii:ed me." he
Lazar currently earns
two small companies, f
eomraehrg iirn: liial 'on
vices, and a pholo lab.
■ i9S-i. ■:
O'V v t ,ar
staged Desert Blast, which
he says is the "the largest illegal fire-
works show in the West" This annual
pyrotechnic extravaganza features
huge fireworks and assorted gas
bombs made by Lazar and friends as
jet car demonstratioi
jr recently s<
I rights and
Official Response: "The Air Force com-
anything that goes on at the Nellis
Range," says Air Force Master Sgl. J.
C. Ma re on of Public Aflairs. Meanwhile,
according loT" nni; ,ii nil Herder-
son of Public Affairs, "The Air Force has
no record that Lazar ever worked at Nel-
lis Air Force Base, though we have com-
"st of inquiries as to
The Critics' Corner: "We've pretty
well determined that Lazar did work al
Los Alamos, but it's been impossible to
verify exactly what he did," says Mark
Ffodeghier, scientific director of the
Center for UFO Studies. "As for element
115, physicists admit that such an
element is theoretically possible, but
we don't know how to manufacture it or
where to get it. So. Lazar's claim to
have worked with this element is not
I ivalkeci i?i;o police headquarters and
the desk sergeant started to laugh. He
said a couple of the guys had been out
chasing UFOs. Nothing, however, was
in the blotter. I told him to put it in.
."When our base commander came
in, we both chuckled. Neither of us be-
lieved in UFOs, but we did decide to
look into it. Before we had the chance,
two nights later, the duty flight command-
er for the security police unit rushed in
to a belated Christmas party white as
a sheet. 'The UFO is back.' he said.
"I was asked to investigate I
changed into a utility uniform, then head-
a jeep to the edge of Vr
i, but it
About a dozen of <
ready there. Our light-alls (large gas-
powered lights] wouldn't work, and
there was so much static and constant
interference on our radios that we had
to set up a relay. There was increasing
commotion. I was delermined to show
unverifiable. Finally, he i
enough to have really worked
at Area 51 or Dreamland
where secret aircra". are last-
ed, but his story remains a
murky mystery. The bottom
line: It's impossible to verify.
So far, we have not found any-
one to corroborate the essen-
tials of what Lazar says."
ik half a c
headed into the w
in foot tc
Baffled at Bentwaters
Name: Col. Charles I.
Halt, U. S. Air Force, retired
Claim: In late December
1980, while serving as dep-
uty base commander at Bentwaters Air
Base in southern England, Halt wit-
nessed and investigated several anom-
alous objects in the skies over the Ren-
delsham Forest, which separates the
American installation Irom its twin Roy-
al Air Force base, Woodbridge. The
sightings occurred on two separate
nights during the week after Christmas.
Two weeks later. Halt sent a report
about the strange encounters to the Brit-
ish Ministry ol Defense.
Background: A career Air Force offi-
cer. Halt served in Vietnam and on var-
ious bases before arriving at Bentwa-
ters in 1980. He was promoted to base
commander in 1984. Halt later served
as base commander at Kunsan Air
Base, Korea, and as director of the inspec-
tions directorate for the Department of
Defense inspector general. He retired
in 1991. Hall is the first USAF officer
since Project Blue Book ended to have
filed a memo on unidentified flying ob-
jects and gone public with the details.
The Story: "Just after Christmas,
about 5:30 a.m., December 26, 1980,
"A RED, SUNLIKE LIGHT WITH
A BLACK CENTER MOVED THROUGH THE
TREES. BEYOND THE CLEARING
WAS A BARBED-WIRE FENCE, FARMER'S FIELD,
HOUSE, AND BARN. THE
ANIMALS WERE MAKING A LOT OF NOISE."
moved in a 20- to 30-degree horizontal
arc Strangely, it appeared to be drip-
ping what looked like molten steel out
of a crucible, as if gravity were some-
how pulling it down. Suddenly, it explod-
ed— nol a loud bang, just booompf —
and broke into five white objects that
scattered in the sky. Everything except
our radios seemed to return to normal.
"Vife went to the end of the farmer's
property to get a different perspective.
In the north, maybe 20 degrees off the
saw three white objects—
j a quarter moon but a lit-
im, making sharp, angular
. The objects eventually
turned from elliptical to round.
"I called the command pesi. asked
them to call Eastern Radar, responsible
for air defense of that sector. Twice they
reported that they didn't see anything.
"Suddenly, from the south, a differ-
ent glowing object moved toward us at
ci h.gh rate of speed, came within sev-
eral hundred feet, and then
i lapped A pencil I ike beam,
iix to eight inches in diame-
er. shot from this thing right
lights on -
"The objects in the
were still dancing in tf
ing where liiw r ill i: jl incident had iupp >v
edly taken place. We found three dis-
tinct indentations '"'< r||, 3 ground equidis-
tant apart and pressed well into the
sandy soil. They were supposedly
caused by the object seen two nights
before, but I didn't see anything, silling
there that night. Neither did anybody
"Inside the triangular area formed by
the indentations, one of the men got
slightly higher readings on the Geiger
counter than he did outside. He photo-
graphed the area, and I look a soil sam-
ple. Meanwhile. I recorded this activity
on my i n i croc asset I e recorder.
"We knew the Orford Ness light-
house beacon beamed Irom the south-
east. All ol a sudden,
ib out But
oval shaped, glowing, with a black
ter— 10 to 15 feet off the ground, mo
ing through the trees. Beyond the cle=
ing was a barbed-wire fence, farmer
were making a lot of noise.
"We ran toward the light up to
'The film turnec
fogged; nothing car
a staff sergeant later maae
olaster castings of the indentations, and
I had the soil sample.
"Around New Year's Eve, I took state-
had taken part in the initial incident. The
reports were nearly identicaL
'"Basically, they reported this: In the
early morning hours of December 26,
one ol the airmen drove to the back
gate at Woodbridge on a routine secu-
rity check. He saw lights in the forest,
specifically a red light, and thought may-
be an airplane had crashed. He radi-
tower, but the tower reported nobody
"Eventually, a group headed out to
the forest. They reported sfrange nois-
two nights lafer.
"As they approached the clearing,
they reported seeing a large yellowish-
white light with a blinking red light on the
upper center portion and a steady blue
light emanating from underneath. The low-
er again reported nothing on radar.
"A few of the men moved to within
20 or 30 feel. Each said the same
thing independently -a triangular-
shaped metallic object, about nine
feet across the base, six feet high, ap-
peared to be sitting on a tripod. They
split up, walked around the craft. One
of the men apparently tried to get on
Ihe craft, but. they said, it levitated up.
"All three of the guys hit the ground
as the craft moved quickly in a zigzag-
ging manner through the woods toward
the field, hitting some trees on the way.
They got up and approached again,
but the object rose up, and then it dis-
appeared at great speed.
"Finally, on January 13, 1981. I
wrote a memo to the British Minislry of
Defense. Despite my efforts, lo my knowl-
edge, no one from any intelligence or
government agency ever came on
base to investigate.
"I have never sought the limelight,
lri::iiii.:i,:Ll !.:■!.■: ■ i ■:.:■ 1 1 i Irom I!
what those ob-
. I don't know anybody who
aoes. aut something as yel unex-
plained happened out Ihere."
Update: In 1983. a copy of Halt's
memo to the British MOD was released
through the Freedom of Information Act
(FOIA). Shortly thereafter, a copy of the
18-minule audiolap.- oi Ihe nv..<osliuatio , "i
Halt conducted was given to a British
UFOIogist by. Hall says, another Air
Force officer. Both have made the
rounds within the UFO community
As a result, Halt says he has been
"harassed" by UFOIogists and fanatics.
While half a dozen men assisted Hall's
investigalion and dozens of others
were near Ihe scene, only a handful of
witnesses have come forward. At least
one of them, Halt says, is spreading dis-
information, consequently, media cov-
erage has been inaccurate al bcsl. For
instance, he says, "The stories about
holographiclike aliens emerging from
their craft are pure fiction."
Otticial Response: "The Air Force
stopped investigating UFOs in 1969
when Project Blue Book was completed."
says Air Force spokesman Maj. Dave
Thurston, based in Washington, DC.
The Critics' Corner: "The UFO you
almost certainly the lighthouse beacon
in my opinion, because Ihe peak inter-
val between their descriptions of it gel-
ting brighter, then dimmer, is the time
of rotation of the beacon, which was
about ten miles away," says UFO skep-
tic Philip Klass. "Even though they said
fhey saw numerous lights in the night sky.
one of every three UFOs reported
a bright celestial body."
a a case of magical mml-.-
ing— a situation where a bunch of peo-
ple got excited about different things
they correlated in their mind," says UFO
M-ivesiicjKior James McGaha, fechnica
consultanl lo the Committee for the Sci
entific Investigation ol Claims of the Par
anormat and a retired Air Force pilot,
who traveled to England, surveyed the
"Consider these facts: On the night of
December 25 to 26, at 9:10 p.m. ~
sian satellite Cosmos 746 reenter
atmosphere over England and ap-
peared as a bright object. At 2:50 i
a fireball entered ihe atmosphere
Woodbridge. At 4:11 a.m., a British po-
lice car with a blue strobe light on top
and other lights altached lo the uric"
riage responded to a telephone
through the forest.
"Hall's memo reports that on the sec-
ond night, they saw two ob|OC:R in the
north, one in the soulh. On that night,
three of Ihe brightest stars were visible—
Vega and Deneb in the north. Sirius in
the soulh. And clearly, the strange red
light mer-.iirewl on (he audio tape is the
Orford Ness Lighthouse beacon. Be-
yond that, the morning after Ihe first
night, British officers identified the in-
dentations as rabbit diggings. The Gei-
ger counter readings were of back-
ground radiation. Nothing appeared on
radar thai night, either, and no one in
either base tower reported anything un-
usual. Furthermore, no civilians report-
ed seeing or hearing anything. "OQ
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The Great High-Rise
Whatever spin you put on it, it's definitely the case of the century
It was cold and clear, about
e Brooklyn Bridge and finally plunged into the East Riv
. Or so the story goes.
ARTICLE BY PATRICK HUYGHE • PAINTING BY MASAHIKO FUJII
Budd Hopkins, a world-class n
ist who has recently become
his books. Missing Time and
detailing his 18 years of investigate
to claims thai thousands of pi
have been abducted by UFOs. .
West Side reveals the profound influ-
ence these so-called abductions have
had on his art. Scattered around the
room are colorful, profile-shaped paint-
ings he calls "guardians" that evoke noth-
ing if not the aliens in question. Indeed,
as Hopkins describes his work, his
dan--., thick eyebrows dance with enthu-
siasm; these days, it is the bizarre
lales of UFOs and the nasty creatures
i, plucking in Moments
niddie of the
the army of
hounded him for
years. Unlike the thousands of other ab-
■ i.: i:v w r lira
er that was lurnea into a leievisiun
miniseries in 1992. Clearly, no one has
done more than Hopkins to bring this
strange phenomenon to public aware-
ness. Even more to the point, no one
has had greater success in getting sci-
entist:; and mental health professionals
to take a serious look at abductions.
So it's no surprise thai when
Hopkins began touting his lafest case
as the strongest evidence yet for
UFOs, their alien occupants, and their
systemalic abduction of human beings,
people listened. But as the pieces of
Ihe puzzle were revealed, critics began
charging that rather than prove his
point, Hopkins had fallen victim to the
s fantasy of a bored housewife
i complex hoax. Indeed, said his
j outrageous was the tale
and so fragile the evidence for it, it had
back'irerj. destroying his credibility and
bringing down his body of work like a
ed to one mind-boggling tale.
It started early in 19BS. Linda had
just bought Kitty Kelly's biography of
Frank Sinatra and another book, which
she took to be a mystery. The other
book was Intruders by Budd Hopkins.
By the end of the first chapter, she was
stumped: Aliens had left mysterious im-
plants in people's brains and noses,
and that lasf liftle bit bothered her. Thir-
teen years before, she had found a
lump on the side of her nose and had
gone to a specialist who said it was built-
up cartilage left over from a surgical
scar. But she had never had any such
si.-rgory even as a child, she said.
Linda then took my linger and put it on
her nose: Yes, I could feel a very slight
bump on her upper right nostril. But
there had to be more than this, 1
thought. There was.
' "' i finally coniacted
cided to expk
the vernacular, I
a Very Important Person.
"The implication." Hopkins
"IT'S A CRAZY,
ENDLESS SAGA, INCLUDING SECRET
MURDER, AND TWO HIGH-LEVEL
MIKHAIL GORBACHEV AMONG THEM."
just Linda. UFOs? N aw."
Hopkins says he learned
otherwise. He reo/as-secl I i"-
da to age 8, enabling her to
recall an episode in which
she thought she glimpsed
the cartoon character rjas-
per, of Casper the Friendly
Ghost fame. But under hyp-
nosis, her memory of Casper
turned out to be a large, top-
shaped object that she'd
i flying ai
i. The fn
story came to public attention in 1966
and involved the now-notorious New Eng-
land couple. Betty and Barney Hill. Un-
der hypnosis, the Hills recalled being
snatched from their car and examined
by small creatures aboard a flying sau-
cer. But it would take another decade,
a few more headline-grabbing abduc-
' finally, the '
n story before
ii I lopkin:
broadcast of H"
tales of alie
bedded in I
The stage was now set
to emerge as the leading authority on
abductions. It happened in 1981 with
the publication of his book, Missing
Time, in which he suggested that the
abduction experience was much more
widespread than anyone had imagined.
For Hopkins, the plight of the abductee
became a personal crusade, and be-
fore long, he would be lecturing on the
subject across the country, appearing
The Story certainly is a h.,ii:dn(ier.
with more twists and turns than Califor-
nia's Highway 1 and more mystery char-
acters than a Le Carre spy thriller. "It's
a crazy, endless saga," says Hopkins,
including such elements as secret
agents, attempted murder, and two
high-level political figures, Mikhail Gor-
bachev one of them.
The central character in the case is
name revealed. She lives in Lower Man-
hattan, and on the very hot spring day
I went to meet her, I came to appreci-
ate why the aliens had decided to
grab her through Ihe window. It certain-
ly beats penetrating a locked gate and
Ihe scrutiny of a guard, ineri lakinfj a-p
elevator up 12 stories and winding
your way through a corridor to her
place. When I knocked on fhe door. I
was greeted by an attractive, lortyish
woman with brown, almond-shaped
eyes and long, flowing brown hair. We
sat down on her couch, and as her air
conditioner blasted arctic air and she
smoked a dozen cigarettes. I was Ireal-
street from her childhood
home in Manhattan. Hopkins came to
suspect that she had been abducted
vited her to join his support group for
"I remember sitting there bug-eyed
lisit-nhq lo these people," says Linda.
"I felt strange the first time, but after
that I felt better."
Finally, on No'
very agitated Lim
She had gone t<
ir 30, 1989. i
s before 3:00 a.m., be-
cause she'd been up doing the laun-
dry. Towels and blue jeans for four
take eons to dry in her small dryer, she
explained. Her husband, who normally
worked nights, was on jury duly that
week and so was home and asleep in
the bedroom. She showered, got into
bed. and lying o-i lici back, clasped ny
hands and began reciting "Our Father"
to herself, a habit she carried over into
adulthood from her Roman Catholic up-
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"I was awake but had my eyes
knew it wasn't my husband; he was snor-
ing away. Then I lay there wondering,
Did I lock the door? Is il one o! the
kids?" She called out the names ol her
[wo boys and finally reached out for her
fael a numbness crawl up from her
group exploring her past abductions,
she recognized what that meant. It's
now or never, she thought and opened
her eyes. At the foot of the bed, says
Linda, stood a small creature with a
large head and huge black eyes. "I
screamed and yelled," she says, "and
then threw my pillow. The creature fell
back." Alter thai, she has only frag-
ments of conscious memory — a white
fabric going over her eyes: little alien
hands pounding up and down her
back; suddenly falling back into bed.
It was a quarter to 5:00 in the morn-
ing when Linda jumped out of bed, ran
into the kids' room, and discovered, she
says, that "they weren't breathing." Hys-
terical, she retrieved a small mirror
trom the bathroom and placed it under
their noses. Suddenly, a mist formed on
the mirror, she says, and she heard her
husband snoring in the other room.
They were all alive. Linda, in shock, sat
on the floor in the hallway between the
I had actually been fi
le apartment. They ha
n through tl
dared, where, floating in midair, she
saw a bright bluish-white light. She was
a : r,:ini of fa ling and embarrassed, think-
ing her nightgown had gone over her
head. She moved up into the craft and
then found herself sitting on a table. The
creatures around her, she says, were
scraping her arms— "like taking skin sam-
ples," she speculates, and pounding
mt up and down her
abduction lare. to say
unite atypical •: witil ;il -.■■:;)■: :fl v 'iap-
pened 15 months later. In February
* 99 1 . i lopKins received a typewritten let-
ter from two people claiming to be po-
lice officers. Late in 1989. the letter
said, the two had witnessed a "tittle
girl or woman wearing a full white night-
gown" floating out of a twelfth-floor apart-
ment window, escorted by three "ugly
but small humanlike creatures" into a
very large hovering oval that eventual-
ly turned reddish orange. The object,
the letter added, flew over their heads,
over the Brooklyn Bridge, and plunged
into the East River. They wondered il
the woman was alive, though they
wished to remain anonymous to protect
their careers They signed the letter
with lirsl names only — Richard and Dan.
Hopkins was astonished. "I realized
immediately that the woman they had
said. "The account seemed to corrob-
orate the time, date, and details of her
abduction. Here, finally, were independ-
ent, seemingly reputable witnesses to
When Hopkins iirst called Linda to
tell her, she replied, "That can't be pos-
sible." Then she wondered if she and
Budd were the victims of a cruel joke.
But all suspicions vanished one evening
a lew weeks later, she says, when Rich-
ard and Dan showed up at her door.
"Police," they announced. Linda
looked through the peephole and saw
two men in plain clothes flashing a
gold badge. "So I let them in,'" said
Linda, "and they looked at me kind of
funny. When they introduced them-
selves as Dan and Richard, my stom-
ach dropped to the floor." Both were
tall, well-built, attractive men in their for-
ties, she says. Dan sat on the couch,
put his head in his hand, and said, "My
God, it's really her." Richard had tears
in his eyes and hugged hf
ing relief that she was alive
"Budd had warned me nc
the incident with anyone,"
talk to Budd."
In the year that followed,
claims, she had numero
with the mystery duo— at bus stops, out-
side her dentist's office, even at
church. Hopkins himself never had the
pleasure ol meeting the pair, though, he
) did eventually receive three
ters from Dan and four letters
audiocassette from Richard. In
■r, says Hopkins, Dan explained
I to remain anonymous: He and
were no! New York City cops.
nor on that lalelul November
d they been alone. They were,
, government security agents and
had been escor;.ng fin important politi-
cal figure, who they would not name, to
a downtown heliport; suddenly their
car's engine died and the headlights
went out. They had seen Linda's abduc-
tion unfold after they pushed the car to
safety under the elevated FDR Drive.
Dan and Richard just couldn't stay
away. One morning, after Linda had
walked her youngest son to the school
bus at 7:15, she claims she was ap-
proached by Richard, who asked her
to take a ride in his car. She refused,
but Richard's grip firmed on her shoul-
der. "You can go quietly or you can go
kicking and screaming," Linda claims
Richard told her. As he dragged her to
e open rear door ol his black Mer
lund for about
three hours," says Linda, "asking me all
sorts of questions." Did she work for the
government? Was she hersell an alien?
They even demanded she prove herself
human by taking off her shoes. Aliens,
they would claim in a letter to Hopkins,
lacked toes. She called Hopkins as
soon as they dropped her off at home.
Linda suggests, "from following the
route to a three-story beach house
which I assume was on Long Island."
Inside. Dan started a pot of coffee and
gave Linda a present; a nightgown, she
says, "the kind a woman might wear if
3 any children, especial-
" Dai- ■■:•■■
would have believed me?" The notion
of surveillance by Richard and Dan even-
tually spooked her so much that she
quit her secretarial job and simply
stayed home. To ease Linda's isolation,
Hopkins found a benefactor who paid
for Linda's limited use of a bodyguard
so she could go out.
Unfortunately, the bodyguard was
not around lor what Linda says was her
second major encounter with Richard
and Dan. On October 15, 1991, Linda
reports, Dan accosted her on the
street and pulled her into a red Jaguar.
As they drove along, he
s could photograph her i
peared mid-abduction, floating over
New York. She refused but finally
agreed to put it on over her clothes. As
Dan's behavior became increasingly
strange, she decided to flee, running
out the door and onto the beach.
"Dan caught me and picked me up,
shaking me like a toy." she says.
There was mud on my face, so he
dunked me in the water once, twice,
three times. I don't think he was trying
to drown me. but he kept me under loo
long." This behavior, which critics of
this strange tale have termed "attempt-
ed murder," finally ceased. Instead.
Dan pulled off Linda's wet jeans and,
she says, pulled her down on his lap in
the water, rocking her like a baby. Short-
ly after. Linda reports. "Richard
showed up, apologized for Dan, and
half dozen photographs of Linda, in the
nightgown, running along the beach."
That November, the saga became
stranger still. While lunching with
Linda, a relative who was also a doctor
insisted she go to the hospital to x-ray
the lump in her nose. The x-ray Linda
now presents shows a profile of her
head; clearly visible is a quarter-inch-
long cylinder apparently ei
"It was weird," says Hopkins' friend
Paul Cooper, professor of neurosurgery
at New York University, who has exam-
ined the x-ray. "I've never seen anything
tike it." But even Cooper admits the x-
ray could have been faked by taping a
little something to the outside of
Moreover, as usually happens in
UFO stories, this tantalizing bit of evi-
dence vanished as quickly as it had ap-
peared. Soon after getting the x-ray,
Linda told Hopkins she'd awakened
with a bloody nose. Under hypnosis,
Hopkins says, Linda revealed that the
aliens had again whisked her away. Lat-
er, with Cooper's help, Hopkins had fur-
ther x-rays taken, but the implant was
i forward. That i
:> larch? "
lope from a v
New York. On
lers. appeared Ihe words, Confidential,
Re: Brooklyn Bridge.
On Ihe evening of November 29,
1989. Ihe woman— Hopkins calls her
"Janet Kimble"' — had been in Brooklyn
at a retirement party for her boss.
Wtien she headed home via the
Brooklyn Bridge around 3:00 a.m., she
told Hopkins, her car came lo a dead
stop in the middle of the bridge and her
headlights blinked out. The same
thing, she states, happened lo the
cars coming up behind her. Suddenly,
she saw what she thought was "a build-
ing on fire" about a quarter of a mile
away. The light was so bright that she
she realized what she was seeing:
Four "balls" had floated
rr&rl window and, mid;
fourth, taller, "normal girl-
ing a white gown. "While
she wrote, "I could hear tt
screams of Ihe peopl
parked in their cars behind
;r and sees two other UFOs in the sky,
)ne a bright orange object at the south-
jrn end of Manhattan, ostensibly the
>ne that abducted Linda.
The two cases, if believed and tak-
;n in concert, shed an ominous light on
-. But it
hattan Transfer." Were the aliens out
that night abducting Manhaltaniles
like Linda in droves?
By December of 1991, the end of
struggling with an obviously
named Dan, who, according lo Richard,
had been admitted to a "rest home." At
Christmas, she received a card and
note from Dan. It was a love letter ac-
tually. He told her he planned to leave
the "rest home" soon and asked her to
pack her toothbrush — he '
s nol amused.
happened. It happened."
If it really did, I thought, the independ-
ent witnesses would confirm it. The '
prize witness obviously was the VIP,
and the word in the UFO community is
lhat Hopkins thinks it was Javier Perez
de Cuellar, secretary-general of the
United Nations from 1982 to 1991. "I
will nol deny or confirm that," says
Hopkins. "I won't say who he is. but I
can say this: All the letters from Rich-
ard and Dan refer to the facl lhat there
was a third man in the car. And he's writ-
signed, The Third Man. I can't make the
things he said public, though clearly
he's letting me know between the lines
-Ural to the Linds
, Richard, Dan, an c
" The "
was obscured by a walkway.
Hopkins says he tele-
phoned "Janet Kimble" imme-
diately and later had lunch
with her. The tale told by
this "widow of about sixty
who once worked as a tele-
phone operator" corroborates stories
told by Richard and Linda, he says, rul-
ing out ihe possibility of a hoax.
In fact, if Hopkins is to be believed,
another witness to the Linda abduction
was actually the first. That person, he
states, is a UFO abductee as well, a
to have been abducted from her Man-
hattan bedroom in the middle of the
night. She consciously remembers be-
ing outside at some point, moving along
s involuntarily, and seeing 15
TO LEARN HER ALIEN WAYS AND
LANGUAGE. 'YOU'LL MAKE A BEAUTIFUL
TEASED. LINDA WAS NOT AMUSED."
party may be ct
es close to Hop kin
their passenger w
that fateful day of November 30, 1939,
right along with Linda. Their delayed re-
call of this event supposed-
ly would explain why it took
15 months for them to write
to Hopkins, why they were
so interested in Linda, and
why they are so reluctant to
come lorward n
1 .that is certain
X Perez de Cuellar is
le was in New York City
n the days in quest cr O.d
o 20 o
•■■ :.:::: F
Dan apparently tried to get Linda in
February of 1992, but she was rescued
from this dragon by Richard, whom
Linda now regards as a knight in shin-
ing armor. Linda says that Richard, up-
on returning from a "mission" abroad,
had gone to visit Dan at the rest home,
found him missing, and had come look-
ing for him in New York. When he
learned that Dan had prepared a pass-
port for Linda and booked two tickets
to England, he immediately sought out
Linda and managed to spirit her away
Joe Sills, spokesman for
the secretary- genera I at the
United Nations, was nice enough to
check with the security people but
came up empty handed. "No one that
I spoke to," he says, "
it of K
s finds my reaction
say?" he says. For Hopkins, who is in
the midst of investigating another
mass abduction in New York City in-
volving a hundred humans, this wom-
an's story is only "a little more bizarre
banks of Linda's last contact with the aliens oc-
curred a few months afterward. On
s. I can't Memorial Day 1992, she, her husband,
two sons, and one of their guests all
awakened at about 4:30 in the morning
with nosebleeds. Hopkins says he has
subsequently confirmed, through hyp-
s UFO n
ed. "I really i
body," says I
end of her story. "I don't expect any-
one to believe this because, to tell you
the truth, if the shoe were on the other
of schedule th
more, he added, Perez de Cuellar
could not have been heading for the hel-
iport since he always went to the airport
via limousine. U.N. spokesperson Juan
Carlos Brandt checked with Perez de
Cuellar directly. "He says he never wit-
nessed any incident." says Brandt.
And adding insult to injury, Hopkins
can't even prove that the two govern-
ment security agents, Richard and Dan.
are real. He has never met or spoken
to them, and ail efforts to identify Iner 1
have proven fruitless. In March ■■:' 159 ■
for instance, Linda looked through six
hours of clips of news programs show-
ing security agents at events in New
York City. The clips belong to one of
Hopkins' contacts in government law en-
forcement. Near the end of the six
hours, while watching a network broad-
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identified as 'Dan.' Despite the fact
that the images were taken from a dis-
tance, involved crowds and the bustling
chaos that accompanies visiting digni-
taries, she apparently had no trouble
making her identification. Those who
man who appears to be taking part in
official business, and who is in no way
out of place or unusual.
In the months that followed,
Hopkins and Linda made the rounds
with their pictures of "Dan" in hand.
They went to United Nations security
and the State Department, Secret Ser-
vice, and Russian delegation offices in
New York. At times, Hopkins and
to arouse suspicion: "Sometimes we
said we were husband and wife and
that this was a friend we had met a cou-
ple of years ago in Cape Cod and he
had said to look him up here when we
came to New York," Hopkins explains.
But the ploy didn't work. "I've been all
over with these pictures," says
Hopkins, "and nobody recognizes him."
Then there is the woman on the
bridge, "Janet Kimble." She is a real per-
son but apparently, after being ridiculed
by her own family, wants no part of
Hopkins' story. When Hopkins tried to
arrange an interview for me, she told
him, "I can't help you anymore with
this." The final independent witness is
the woman up the East River who
claims lo have participated in the
mass abduction of women that very
night. But she's another abductee and
not truly impartial in the matter.
With no independent witnesses will-
ing to come forward, the case, not sur-
prisingly, has come under intense criti-
cism. Curiously, two of those most crit-
ical of the case initially became involved
at Linda's request.
By early 1992, Linda was feeling so
helpless at the hands of her human kid-
nappers that she decided to seek ad-
ditional expert help. At the suggestion
of New York journalist and UFO research-
er Antonio Huneeus, she contacted Rich-
ard Butler, a former law-enforcement
and security specialist for the Air
Force and a fellow abductee, whom
Linda had met at Hopkins' support
group. Butler met with Linda on Feb-
ruary 1, 1992, and brought with him doe
Stefula, a former special agent for the
U.S. Army's Criminal Investigations Com-
mand and current head of security for
a drug company in New Jersey. During
the meeting, Linda asked for safety
lips on how to protect herself f r om The
dangerous duo, and Butler and Stefula,
in order to give useful advice, asked
Linda a few questions of their own.
Several months later, after Hopkins
made the case public at the 1992 Mu-
tual UFO Network annual meeting in Al-
buquerque, Stefula, Butler, and a friend
of theirs, parapsychologist George Han-
sen, decided the case needed a thor-
ough investigation and began poking
around Linda's neighborhood. They
spoke to the securily guard and supervi-
sor at Linda's building, went to the offic-
es of the New York Post nearby, and sim-
ply interviewed residents to see if they
remembered anything amiss. No one did.
Afterward, Hansen, already the au-
ier of stinging critiques
lengthy skeptical report. The cen-
tral issue, say the skeptics, is the lack
of large numbers of witnesses to this
spectacular event. After all. New York
never sleeps; there are people out and
about even in the middle of the night.
Why did none of the truck drivers at the
loading dock of the New York Post just
a Bhor: distance in"' I nda's np.-.rtric-'-i
see this blindingly bright object? Why
haven't all those other people whose
cars were supposedly stalled on the
Brooklyn Bridge come forward?
To such questions, Hopkins has a two-
fold reply: "The unwillingness of people
to report such fantastic experiences is
BY JAMES OBERG
Day alter day, the waves of
UFOs returned to southern
Russia. Cossacks on horse-
back saw them high in the
evening sky. Pilots aboard
military interceptors chased
and dodged them. Astron-
omers at observatories in the
Caucasus Mountains noted
It was the fall of 1967. and
the Soviet Union was in
the grip of its first major
UFO flap. The extraordinary
tales, described on Soviet
television, reported in Soviet
newspapers, and analyzed in
a private nationwide UFO
study group soon took on a
life of their own.
In one detailed account, a
airliner crew from Voroshi
lovgrad to Volgograd, fl
104, insisted that a UFO
hovered and then man
vered around their pla
According to Soviet UFO
thusiast Felix Zigel, v
compiled such accounts,
plane's engines died and did
not start up again until after
the UFO had disappeared,
when the aircraft was only a
half mile high in the air.
KOMAR AND MEUWIID
These iales and others were repealed
in Western UFO books and presented
as important evidence a I UFO hearings
in the United States Congress and in Brit-
ain's House ol Lords. Then, as sudden-
ly as it had started, the wave of Rus-
sian UFO sightings ceased. Private
UFO groups were banned by the Sovi-
et government, and the subject was
dropped from the controlled media
even as it spread wildly in the samizdat,
the underground Russian press.
But the phenomenon was not forgot-
is and a team of investigators Irom the
Academy of Sciences in Moscow as-
sessed Zigel's UFO tiles, analyzing
statistics from what they said was ' (tie
repetitive motion" of the objects Zigel
described. In 1979, the "Gindilis Re-
port" was released and distributed
around the world It concluded that no
n natural or manmade stimulus
it for tt
atmospheric phenomena." Something
truly extraordinary and truly alien must
seeing alien spaceships instead of trea-
ty-busting weapons tests, Soviet military
officials were all too willing to permit
this illusion to prosper.
Twenty-five years later, with the
FOBS rockets long since scrapped and
the Soviet regime itself on the scrap
heap of history, the now- purpose less de-
ception has maintained a zombielike
life of its own. Russian UFO literature
tinues to issue ever more glorious
ships." Mainstream Russian magazi
newspapers, and even museum exhib-
its contain fanciful drawings of
shapes Zigel himself is revered a;
father of Soviet UFOIogy." an icon
liability and authenticity.
But Zigel's and Gindilis s
craft are just one example of the ridic-
ulous notions and outrageous fictions
Russian UFOIogy has spawned. In
1977, for instance, Tass, the official Rus-
sian news agency, carried a dispatch
from the northwest Russian port city of
Petrozavodsk titled "Strange Natural
UFO, a carrier of high intelligence with
crew and passengers, or it was a field
of energy created by such a UFO."
Zigel. the dean of Soviet UFOIogists.
agreed it was a true UFO: "Without a
doubt— it had all the features,"
Sadly, the cause ol all this mindless
It by th
:be supersecret military space cen-
Plesetsk in northwest Russia, The
igined booster's contrails, back-
o good to be
In 1981, a midnight rocket launch
from Plesetsk lit up the skies of Moscow
itself and sent the capital city's resi-
dents into a blitz ol unconstrained cre-
ativity. UFO expert Sergey Bozhich's
notebooks contain reports of numerous
"independent" UFO encounters during
this ordinary launching. "Pilot'- ci six civ-
il aircraft reported either a UFO in
flight or a UFO [attacking] their aircraft."
he wrote. "At 1:30 a UFO attacked a
truck along the Ryazan Avenue in Mos-
cow." One witness even reported wak-
ing Irom a deep sleep to see
.e many ot-iei oifiua
Soviet government reports.
the Gindilis Report turned
out to be counterfeit science.
In effect, and probably in in-
one of Moscow's creates! '~iil-
itary secrets, an illegal space-
to-earth nuclear weapon.
What the witnesses really
saw back in those exciting
hides all right, but not from
come dislanl, alien world. They were Rus-
sian missile warheads, placed in low or-
bit under false registration names and
then diverted back toward the planet's
surface alter one circuit ol the globe.
As they fireballed down toward a tar-
get zone near the lower Volga River,
they seared their way into the imagina-
tions of startled witnesses for hundreds
ol miles in all directions.
Of course, U.S. intelligence agencies
had also been watching the tests, and
they weren't tooted by the UFO smoke-
screen. Pentagon experts soon dubbed
this learsome new weapon a "fraction-
al orbit bombardment system," or
FOBS. Government spokespeople in
Washington denounced it as a first-
strike weapon designed to evade de-
fensive radars. Since Moscow had re-
cently signed a solemn international trea-
ty forbidding the orbiting of nuclear
weapons the existence ol this weap-
on [whose tests alone c" "
"THE WITNESSES SAW
SPACE VEHICLES ALL RIGHT, NOT FROM
ALIEN WORLD, BUT RATHER FROM THE
MILITARY COSMODROME AT PLESETSK."
Phenomenon over Karelia." Wrote local
correspondent Nikolay Milov. "On Sep-
tember 20 at about 0400 a huge star
suddenly flared up in the dark sky. impul-
sively sending shafts of light to the
earth. This star moved slowly toward
Petrozavodsk and. spreading out over
it in the form of a jellyfish, hung there.
showering the city with a multitude of
vfi.'y lino rays which created an image
of pouring rain."
liio "visitation" unleashed a torrent
of rumors. People later reported being
awakened from deep sleep by telepath-
ic messages. Tiny holes were reported-
ly seen in windows and paving stones.
Cars were said to have stalled and com-
puters to have crashed, and witnesses
Soviet UFO enthusiasts rushed to em-
e the c
contempt. So w
n UFO w
cerned," claimed science-fiction author
Aleksandr Kazantsev, "it was a space-
ship from outer space, carrying out re-
cornaissance." According to Dr. Vladi-
mir Azhazha, "In my opinion, what was
seen over Petrozavodsk was either a
cruising down his street.
The pattern is clear. Time
and again, secret launchings
of Russian rockets have un-
leashed avalanches of clas-
sic UFO perceptions from
the imaginative, excitable wit-
nesses and their careless
interviewers. And consistent
with its origins, Russian UFO
literature is stili characterized
by fantastic tales and an ut-
ter lack ol research into posaolo expla-
nations. "I have no doubts" is the most
common figure ol speech in the lexicon
of Russian UFOIogists, and they are
doubtlessly sincere, il arguably delu-
ded. "Are UFOs real?" one was asked
not long ago by American documentary
filmmaker Bryan Gresh. "My colleagues
and I don't even think that's a question,"
he responded. "Of course they are real!"
This sort of quasi-religious fervor
just helps to fuel the skepticism of the
cautious observer. After all, if Russian
UFOIogists cannot or will not recognize
the prosaic stimulus behind these pho-
ny crescent UFOs of 1967 and the UFO
"jellyfish" of 1977, they may be incapa-
ble of solving any of the other hundreds
of ordinary (if rare] causes that account
for at least 90 percent (if not 100 per-
cent) of all UFO perceptions. Dozens
of major stimuli, and hundreds ol minor
ones, are constantly giving rise to coun-
terfeit UFO perceptions around the
world. Filtering out the residue ol true
UFOs from the pseudo UFOs poses
challenges lor investigators.
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Most Russia 1 " L = Clogists appear un-.-vill
ing to face this challenge.
And the writings of prominent Rus-
sian UFO experts give ample ground for
more anxiety. Vladimir Azhazha, prob-
ably the leading Russian UFO expert of
the 1990s, is an undeniable enthusiast
of UFO miracle stories. Some years
ago, his favorite Western UFO story in-
volved a UFO attack on the Apollo 13
space capsule, which he "disclosed"
was carrying a secret atomic bomb to
create seismic waves on the moon.
But it was carrying no such thing.
The April 1970 explosion, which disa-
bled the craft and threatened the lives
of the three astronauts, was caused by
a hardware malfunction. When chal-
lenged recently by UFOIogist Antonio
Huneeus, Azhazha made a candid ad-
mission: "When I gave the lecture, I was
a teenager in UFOIogy and was intoxi-
cated by the E.T. hypothesis and did
not recognize anything else. I would re-
tell with pleasure everything I read."
Supposedly reformed, Azhazha
then published a new book
with a glorious new Apollo-
astronaut UFO story based
this time on forged photo-
graphs published in Amer-
ican tabloid newspapers.
The pictures "show contrast-
enhanced fuzzballs, photo-
graphic images that had
been sharpened in the pho-
to lab. A fabricated "radio
conversation" in which the as-
tronauts exclaim surprise at
seeing alien spaceships in a
crater near their landing site
later appeared in another tabloid; it was
patently bogus, too, based on grossly
misused space jargon. The story was
org ago abandoned by reputable V\fest-
ern UFOIogists, but Azhazha still loves
it and presents it as true.
At a UFO conference ,n Albuquerque
in 1992, Azhazha told astonished West-
ern colleagues that he had proof that
5,000 Russians had been abducted by
UFOs and never returned to Earth.
When asked to defend this number, he
disclosed that he took the reported num-
ber of ordinary "missing persons" in the
entire Soviet Union, plotted the regions
over which major UFO activity had been
reported, and then allocated those pop-
ulation proportions of "missing" to the
UFOs. It was simple, sincere, and sense-
less, but the embarrassed American
hosts (who had paid his travel expens-
es) couldn't disagree too publicly lest
their waste of money be obvious.
Russian UFOIogists claim to be care-
ful. Azhazha himself has written: "Noth-
ing on faith! One must check, check,
and elever r.res check .n o r oer "o "ind
an error!" But he doesn't seem to
know how, and neither do any of his col-
leagues. While their sincerity and enthu-
siasm are not in doubt, their judgment,
balance, and accuracy should be.
Why are people like Azhazha the
cost thai RLSsia csn offer? Russians are
heirs to a grea:, creative civilization, but
they are also emerging from a social era
that has hac profound erects on their
habits of thought. Today's Russians
have lived in a reality-deprived and judg-
ment-atrophied culture for generations.
Once they were sufficiently brain be-
numbed by a repressive communist re-
gime to accept any and all propagar
a she idiocies fed to them, they were "
tellectually defenseless against infec-
tions of other brain bunk as well.
UFO enthusiasm prospers in this
turing environment. And it's not jusl
UFO sightings that get conjured up by
this fuzzy thinKrg. H statical figures, p'e : -
erably dead ones who cannot disagree,
are now constantly being portrayed as
"secret UFO believers."
"WHEN I GAVE
THE LECTURE, I WAS A TEENAGER IN
WAS INTOXICATED BY THE E.T. HYPOTHESIS
AND DID NOT
RECOGNIZE ANYTHING ELSE."
For example, in 1993, a slick now
UFO magazine called AURA-Z ap-
peared in Moscow. Continuing the
trend of tying now-dead space heroes
to UFO studies, the magazine featured
two separate interviews with contem-
porary experts concerning the role
played by Sergey Korolev, the founder
of the Soviet missile and space pro-
grams. It didn't bother the magaz ne
at all that the two stories were utterly
In one article, rocket expert Valery Bur-
dakov presented a detailed account of
how back in 1947 Stalin had ordered
Korolev to assess Scvic: intelligence re-
ports on the Roswell, New Mexico, UFO
crash. Korolev had reported back that
the UFOs were real but not dangerous,
the article "revealed." Yet just seven pag-
es earlier, another expert named Lev
Chulkov had written: "As early as the
hegi,nn ng of the 1950s. Stalin ordered
Korolev to study the phenomenon of
UFOs, but Korolev managed to avoid
fulfilling this task." Of course, both
claims can't be true. Besides, Burdakov
was a recently renahil ".a-ed pc'irica pris-
oner in 1947 and was thus hardly the
type of trusted expert that Stalin would
Behind all such distracting noise, the
UFO problem remains a fascinating and
elusive puzzle, worthy of serious re-
search. But weeding out true UFOs
from the overwhelming mass of
"IFOs," or identified flying objects, is a
difficult, time consuming task, as West-
ern UFOIogists have learned in the
past half century. Their new Russian col-
leagues so 'ar show no indication tha:
they have even begun.
"I haven't seen too much effort at
that job," admits Antonio Huneeus, one
of the West's most perceptive pro-UFO
observers of Russan IJ-0 ogy. "The Rus-
sians rhem selves keep knocking on my
door," Huneeus states. "They want to
sell their stuff here." In fact, given to-
day's economic crisis in Russia, thou-
sands of people of all classes, but par-
ticularly from the military services, are
desperately seeking — or deliberate y cre-
ating — anything they can
sell to Western buyers with
bucks. UFO files are one of
the few exportable raw ma-
icrisls with a market in the
West, so there should be no
surprise that there, are sud-
denly so many bizarre items
now available and so few Rus-
sians willing to be cautious
or critical about them.
If these Russian UFO de-
lusions only affected their
own research, the silliness
would do no worldwide
harm. But the intellectual infection has
spread far beyond borders and pollut-
ed UFO studies in other countrie
well. These new commercial conspira-
cies between Russian tall-tale se lers
and Western tall-tale tellers in the en-
tertainment and pseudodocumentary in-
dustry will make it much worse. "
The more serious Western UFOIo-
gists, for instance, are particularly em-
barrassed by their colleagues' naive, un-
bounded enthusiasm for the 1967 "cres-
cents" and the subsequent so-called
Gindilis Report, with Soviet thermonu-
clear weapons tests masquerading as
true UFOs. Dr. James McDonald, prob-
ably America's top UFO expert of the
1960s, testified that :he crescents "can-
not be readily explained in any conven-
tional terms." Dr. J. Allen Hynek, dean
of American UFOIogy in the 1970s, re-
viewed the sightings and crowed, "It be-
comes very much harder — in fact,
from my personal viewpoint, impossi-
ble — to find a trivial solution for all the
UFO reports if one weighs and consid-
ers the cai he r of some cf ;he w : tness
es." They were scientists, pilots, engi-
neers, and fellow astronomers, and Hy-
nek was absolutely certain they couldn't
have been mistaken.
Today's successor to McDonald and
Hynek is retired space scientist Rich-
ard Haines, American director of the
joint United States Corn '"-on wealth of In-
dependent States working group on
UFOs, the Aerial Anomaly Federation.
Concerning the 1967 sightings, he con-
fidently wrote that "the reports represent
currently unknown phenomena, being
completely different in nature from
known atmoscne-ic opt cs effects or tech-
nical experiments in the atmosphere."
Another famous Russian pseudo-
UFO case, called the "Cape Kamenny
UFO," has long been foolishly champi-
oned by Western UFO experts. Top
American UFOIogist Jacques Vallee cit-
ed this encounter in a 1992 book as
one of the best in the world. His case-
book coding scheme gave it the high-
est marks: "Firsthand personal interview
with the witness by a source of proven
reliability; site visited by a skilled ana-
lyst; and no explanation possible, giv-
en the evidence."
A graphic account of this UFO was
given by American UFOIogist William L.
Moore based on casebooks compiled
by Zigel. "On December 3,  at
3:04 p.m.," wrote Moore, several crew-
men and passengers of an IL-18 aircraft
on a test flight for the State Scientific
Institute of Civil Aviation sighted an
intensely bright object approaching
them in the night sky." Moore reported
that the object "followed" the evasive.
turns of the aircraft.
But years later I discovered that the
aircraft, passing near Vorkuta in the
northern Urals, had by chance been
crossing the flight path of the Kosmos-
194 spy satellite during its ascent from
Plesetsk. The crew had unwittingly ob-
served the rocket's plumes and the sep-
aration of its strap-on boosters. All oth-
er details of maneuvers were added in
by their imaginations. Yet this bogus
UFO story is highlighted as authentic by
nearly every Western account of Rus-
sian UFOs in the last 20 years.
Of course, not all Russian UFO re-
ports spring from missile and space
events. Far from it! But those specific
kinds of stimuli are extremely well doc-
umented, unlike other traditional pseudo-
UFO stimuli such as balloons, experi-
mental aircraft, military and police heli
copters, bolide fireballs, and so forth
Thus, they can provide an unmatcha-
ble calibration test for the ability of Rus-
sian UFOIogists to find solutions fot
these pseudo UFOs.
The Russian UFOIogists have failed
The ultimate test of the Russians' abil-
CONTNUEDON PAGE 92
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mine error, cry Solviie me! pardon thai which is past.
— Robert Barion, Anatomy of Mclcmeftoiy. 1621
Stone Lithograph By Michael Parses
For a long time he did not remem-
ber anything. The moon was just ris-
ing. He must have come from the river
because his footprints led from it to
where he stood. His head hurt.
He walked for a very long way and
he was hot. He wished he hadn't left
the water; now he needed a drink. He
felt something heavy on the top of his
head. He didn't think it was his cap.
He reached up and his hand came
away with something dark and some-
thing gray and blue in the moonlight.
"Ahhh!" he yelled. "Ahhhi" He
began to run, falling down twice, flop-
ping around in the dirt until he could
get up. His left arm did not
work. He ran and ran, then he
When he came to again he
was walking and it was either
just after sunset or just before
dawn, he did not know which.
He walked and walked. His
head was pounding now but he
was afraid to reach up and
touch it again. He was so tired
and so hungry but he could not
stop. He knew that if he
stopped he would die.
It was morning.
He hobbled onto the edge of
a field. It stretched away forever
with the stubble of some crop,
There was a man far away on
the other side doing something
with a tractor. There was a truck
parked there, too. He walked
toward the man at the tractor
and the man heard him coming
and looked up. The man's eyes
got wide and bright behind his
glasses and he put one hand
up over his face a second.
"Holy Mother of Christ!" the man
"Unhh! Unhhr he said, holding his
right arm out.
"Jesus! You're really hurt? How did
"Hold still. Don't move." The man
went to the truck and came back with
a flour sack covered with grit. "It's all I
got. Let me put that in your head."
He held still.
The man made a strange noise
"I don't know how you're walking,
buddy." The man said. "It . . . it looks
like you been shot in the back of the
head and the bullet came out the top.
That's brains hangin' there."
"Easy now. If you come this far you
ain't gonna die yet. Ease over into the
truck here — I'll take you over to the
hospital in Salinas. Watch your head
gettin' in. There's more of it on top than
you think. . . ."
He got into the truck. Soon they
were bouncing along the road and the
gravel was flying in a big V out behind.
His head hurt more and soon he was
All he remembered was pieces of
the next few days. There were rooms
Hashes ol who he was would
come back then go
away, like a bird hopping closer
and see it. There had been a ranch or
a farm. He'd done something that
made people mad at him. He couldn't
remember. There had been a running
through the woods to the river.
And then G —
it was a name. He did not know
who the name was.
He couldn't remember and it made
This place wasn't so nice. There
were people who were always making
him do things and move from his bed
or chair and they talked to him but he
could not understand.
A long long time went by, maybe a
month or two. He wished he could
leave and go find some work or
something. He did not like it
Sometimes he wished he
had a rabbit to hold.
And then one day when they
had him outside bouncing the
ball he looked up and there
standing in front of him was a
funny little clown in a black
clown suit with a pointed hat
and big buttons down the front.
He looked at the clown and
he smiled because he knew
from then on everything was
going to be okay.
and closer behind a
tree you were leaning against
and lights and doctors and nurses and
they put something in his head. Then
he was in a big bed and they brought
him food and asked all about him.
Then some other doctors came and
a state trooper in a smart uniform with
a shiny badge, and a few days later
they took him to another place.
It was there that something began
to happen to his head, not on the
outside where all the bandages and
the tin were, but inside. Small flashes
of who he was would come back then
go away, like a bird hopping closer
and closer behind a tree you were
leaning against but which would hop
away before you could turn around
It was day and rain and my
sister held me while I held the
slipper and the grandmother
was in the house then my
brother came home mad and I
was taken somewhere with lots
of doors and white and I didn't
like it and was going to say and
going and they put the thing on
my arm that hurt and I went away and
then it was day again and my pushing-
man took me outside in the buggy-
chair and put me under the tree the
tree like the one in the pasture where
the boy and I were walking and he
was looking for the money "Money
Money" said my brother "You're all
bleeding me white" and then I was in
this place under the tree watching and
watching for my sister to come to the
gate so I could see her and she
climbed the pear tree to look in at my
grandmother like the horse in the ditch
and the people wouldn't let me go to
the gate and the men were hitting and
calling my sister's name and there was
the girl who wasn't my sister who
yelled and yelled at the gate and the
fire went around and around and it was
rain and I couldn't sleep and il was day
again and they were saying "Benjam-
in, Benjamin, don't yell so, just show us
where it hurts" and I tried to tell them
and the black woman cook said "Grab
his hand" and I put it in my mouth it
hurt so and I pointed where it hurt and
they made it stop it was day again and
they let me stand at the gate only it was
tall and I was little that time and my push-
ing-man put me under the tree then the
man came and the man had a clown
with him like the one that came to town
only he had on a black suit and he
hugged me like my sister used to do in
the buggy-chair and the clown and the
man were in the little box with me that
bumped and bumped and pastures
and houses went by the windows real
fast and there was a bridge and a river
and hills going by too and then it was
day and night again and I was in the
big house which was my grandmother's
house only it was big and I
was little in it and sometimes
the clown was big and
stuck out of the house and
sometimes he was little and
walked around and sat in his
The gateman let the car, a
new '51 Kaiser, into the
In the front seat beside
the driver from the motor
pool, Dr. Ernest Seeker
stared up the drive toward
the mansion. It was a three-story stone
building. At the front, over the portico
was the head of a giant clown, mechan-
ical eyes slowly rolling, tongue lolling
out of the mouth.
The grounds, ten or eleven rolling
acres, were surrounded by a twelve-foot-
high narrow iron spiked fence. Here
and there as he watched, solitary men
and women moved on missions of
Far otf, near a little copse of trees,
someone who was dressed like Koko
the Clown from the old Betty Boop car-
toons sat in a board-and-rope swing,
winding himseli up with little movements
of the feet and letting the twisted
ropes spin him around again.
In another direction, a patch of what
looked like wheat bordered the fence.
There was no one waiting for him out
front when the car pulled to a stop.
Seeker got out. He pulled his brief-
case from the back seat. He looked
back beyond the gate to the far hill
where the construction on the new hous-
ing subdivisions had begun.
After waiting a few more moments,
he stepped to the wide double doors
and went inside.
The place was light and airy and had
peculiar, not unpleasant, smells. The hall-
way led to a large sitting room with over-
stuffed Victorian furniture, worn looking
but clean. From somewhere far off to
the left he heard the rattle of a pot or
pan, low talk. To the right was another
hallway. A man was coming out of the
room pushing his hair back with both
"Mr. Seeker," he said. "Willard
Beemer. Sorry I didn't hear your car —
we don't have a telephone at the gate.
I wouldn't have known you were here
except one of our guests went by the
window— he goes to meet every car.
Usually that's just the help arriving for
work, but it's too late for that so I knew
it had to be you."
Seeker shook his hand.
"I'm sure the department explained
why I'm here."
"They told me we'd need a license
"NEAR A COPSE
OF TREES, SOMEONE WHO WAS
KOKO THE CLOWN FROM THE OLD
IN A BOARD-AND-ROPE SWING."
for the facility. I tried to explain why I
didn't think it came under your purview,
but they insisted. So I told them, send
their best investigator out and look the
place over, and we'd talk about it."
"You realize, of course, that if you
were an M. D. or this were under the
direct supervision of a neurosurgeon or
psychiatrist, I wouldn't be here?"
"I know, I know. But we didn't ask to
be licensed; you called us. My guess
is it's because of the guy building the
houses all across the hills that you got
called. Some people are afraid of
things they don't understand. See, we
don't consider ourselves a place lor treat-
ment. We're, like, a big family who
lives' in a big house with a fence and
mind our own business."
"You can understand the concerns
of the county and state when there are
complaints that there's an unlicensed
mental facility in the middle of what will
become a high-densily residential area."
"Well, the county can't do anything
because they got a grandfather
clause in all their zoning stuff. And
you're the state, so I just have to con-
vince you, right?"
"That is essentially correct."
"Okay. Let's get to it."
"How long have you been here?"
"Twelve years. Since 1939."
"How many patients do you have?"
"Twenty-seven. Only they're not pa-
tients, they're guests. Five have been
here since the beginning; the others
came one or two at a time. Either we
went out to find them, or some just
showed up, over the years."
"You went out to lind them?
"Some from state hospitals. Some
from private. One we found kept in a
cage out behind an alligator farm in
"You go get them from state hospi-
"Most states are only too happy to
find someone to take them off their
hands. "Look," said Beemer, "I'm not
explaining myself very well. Leave your
briefcase here. Come outside with me.
Take a look around."
He followed Beemer back
through the parlor, out the
double doors to the driveway
where the car sat. A man
stood near the steps, his
head moving back and
forth, eyes'wide, staring at
the car and driver.
"I better start at the begin-
ning. I didn't found this
place; my father did—
though he died on the trip
West with the first five
guests, I'm the executor of
his estate, which makes me also the
guardian of the Democritus Trust.
That's where we get the money."
Seeker looked out toward the field
near the back of the grounds. A young
person, a lone boy, stood in the mid-
dle of the half-acre patch.
"That's the newest one, Holderi. I'm
not sure he should be here, but the Lit-
tle Moron wanted him to stay."
"We don't like to refer to anyone as
a moron, Mr. Beemer ..."
"That's what he calls himself. He's
the one all the stories are about."
Seeker looked at Beemer. "You
mean, the Little Moron jokes?"
"That's him. Elwood Democritus, Jr.
His father was richer than Croesus. He
appointed my father executor on his
deathbed. Elwood Jr.'s mother had
died years before; he was an only
child on a dead-end branch of the fam-
ily tree. Then the Little Moron and rtiy
father came West, setting up the
place, getting the original five guests,
setting it all up; then my father died and
I came out here and here we are."
CONTINUED ON PAGE 100
OMNI ASKS THE AGE-OLD QUESTION:
IS THERE INTELLIGENT LIFE ON EARTH, AND IF SO, WHERE?
SATIRE BY FRANK COTHAM
:: Wiioin Goes name ^re you?'
"All the kids say I'm adopted. "
"What's an illegal alien?"
"Yeah . . . well I'm from the planet Earth!
"Are you sure that this is the Great Lord ot the
Inter-Galactic Empire's gift to the peoples of Earth?"
"However superior, there is a resemblance.
"Nothing you could ever say would convince me that
there's intelligent life elsewhere in the universe. "
'Obviously, they come from a planet with
very little gravity."
. We come in peace."
According to this Miami psychiatrist, past-lives therapy works: it's quick, inexpensive, and
people get better — whether they believe in reincarnation or not.
PHOTOGRAPHS BY MARK CHIN
Treating patients by guiding them through recol-
lections of what appear to be previous lives is
about the last thing Brian Weiss thought he'd be
doing. The South Florida physician, who before the age of
35 was chief of psychiatry at Mount Sinai Hospital and a
professor at the University of Miami's medical school, had
always taken the traditional path.
Growing up in New Jersey, Weiss was an overachiever,
self-described as "studious, but not geeky." After graduating
magna cum laude from Columbia University in 1966, he
received his M.D. from Yale in 1970. It was Ivy League all
the way. Publishing papers, becoming a recognized psy-
chopharmacology expert, he considered himself a "show
me" kind of guy, believing only in what he could see. He
rarely gave much thought to anything paranormal, mystical,
One patient changed all that.
Weiss calls her Catherine in Many Lives, Many Masters,
Palestine, 2000 years ago
To be a teacher and travel
Choose love, not fear.
I'm hoping the distinctions
among people will dis-
appear. I'd be much hap-
pier if there were just
one religion, one of love
and spirit, hope, and
wisdom.- My work made
me more aware of
the environment. We have
to come back and
live on this planet again.
So what we do is not
just affecting our children.
.There is no death.
We go from life to life,
body to body.
Many Lives, Many Masters,
1988 (400,000 copies
U.S., 17 foreign languages)
Through Time into Healing,
1992 (50,000 hardcover)
published in 1988, eight years after her
therapy began. Barely budging her gar-
den-variety phobias and anxieties with 18
months of conventional therapy, Weiss
instructed Catherine while hypnotized to
"go back to the time from which your
symptoms arise." She did: The year was
1863 B.C., and she was a 25-year-old wo-
man named Aronda.
Weiss was shocked as Catherine un-
leashed a flood of memories from other
lifetimes as well. He soon discovered, he
says, that traumatic events and relation-
ships encountered in previous lives were
the source of her present problems. But
only after ruling out schizophrenia, split
personalities, psychosis, drug use, neuro-
logical illness, sociopathic tendencies,
and just plain acting, could the scien-
tifically trained Weiss begin to accept this
notion. "My gut reaction was that I'd
stumbled upon something I knew veiy
little about — reincarnation and past
memories." During the next three years,
he dispelled Catherine's phobias and
panic attacks by having her vividly recall
events from dozens ot her past lives.
But reincarnation was only part of what
Weiss encountered during Catherine's
treatment. He also met "the Masters,"
entities who spoke through Catherine,
while she was under hypnosis, about the
nature of the universe, levels of con-
sciousness, intuitive powers, and the soul,
which they said passed from one body to
another. Weiss first branded it mumbo
jumbo until "the Masters" talked about
Weiss's late father and the medical con-
dition that caused the death of his three-
week-old son years before — information
to which Catherine would have no ac-
cess. In 1990, Weiss left Mount Sinai to
devote himself full time to his patients,
about 60 percent of whose therapies
include recalling past lives.
Upon our first meeting, Weiss hyp-
notized me. I did not experience past-life
recall but had what he calls "a mystical
experience." From my description of the
people in two separate scenes, it's clear
to Weiss and to me that they are symbolic
of an important relationship I'm having
with a man Weiss believes I've also
known in previous lifetimes and even in
between, in the "spirit state."
Since treating Catherine, Weiss, 49,
has researched not only reincarnation,
but Eastern and Western religions,
mysticism, quantum physics, and intuitive
and paranormal experiences. He does
not come across as some kind of guru,
nor does he want to be, He's simply a
doctor, he says, who's become "en-
lightened." Much to his surprise, his work
has been taken seriously by many in the
psychiatric community. Even some
skeptics find value in his books. "I can't
say that these experiences were actual
memories of past lives," says Steven
Warner, Miami hypnotherapist and expert
in multiple-personality disorders. "It's
possible they were fantasy material
similar to screen memory — an indirect
way of describing a problem. But there's
a purposefulness to the unconscious.
Whatever is happening, I don't believe
these 'past life' memories are a sham."
In 1992, shortly before publication of
his second book, Through Time into Heal-
ing, the University of Miami notified Weiss
that it wouldn't be renewing his teaching
contract. Weiss has no doubt that his
work with past-life therapy provoked this
action. But a week before, the University
of Pittsburgh's Medical School showed
interest in a longitudinal study to see if
gains by patients in this therapy persist
over time. Conducting this study from
Miami, Weiss has also spoken at the Yale
Medical School psychiatry department
and divinity schools.
During our second meeting, he spoke
enthusiastically about how even the
federal government is taking alternative
therapies seriously, citing the NIH's new
Office of Alternative Medicine, which he
calls "the Office of Far-Out Stuff." His
work with past-life therapy has helped not
only his patients, he acknowledges, but
himself. — Nina L Diamond
Omni: Why do scientists find reincarnation
a hard concept to buy?
Weiss: Fear of the unfamiliar. Actually,
people don't have to be afraid, if only
they'd keep an open mind. Meditation
can teach people to do that if they can let
go of their fears.
Omni: But that can mean changing one's
Weiss: Yes, it's scary — but totally safe. It's
difficult to let go of the familiar, even if it's
harmful, restricting, and blinding.
Omni: Where did the concept of reincar-
nation come from?
Weiss: It's so far back that we really don't
know. I suspect it's from the same place
as now: People who are psychic, having
visions of it, dreams or deja vu, memories,
meditations, came upon this .knowledge.'
Plato wrote about reincarnation. Ancient
civilizations believed in this. We lost this
belief only recently, mostly for political
reasons. In Judaism, belief in reincar-
nation, or gilgul, existed until the early
1800s. Only with the migration out of
Eastern Europe to the West and the
need to be accepted in the age of en-
lightenment and science did the belief
go underground — but not in Chasidic [ul-
In Christianity, it went underground
much earlier — the Second Council of
Constantinople in the sixth century de-
clared reincarnation a heresy. Christi-
anity was becoming a state religion,
and the Romans felt that without the
whip of Judgment Day, people would
not behave, would not follow. They'd
think, "Well, I'll do it next time around."
Omni: How do you think the length of
time between lifetimes is determined?
Weiss: People who die violently, or chil-
dren who die, often return much faster.
For those who live longer and die more
peacefully, there can be a longer time
between lives, 100 years or more.
Omni: How many past lives do people
Weiss: That varies, but the
number that comes up most
often in my work is 100, not
the thousands and thou-
sands that the Buddhists
Omni: Do you think that
there is an infinite number of
souls or finite?
Weiss: It doesn't matter to
me because ultimately we're
Omni: Are new souls being
created, in your opinion?
Weiss: My inclination is to say no. We're
probably all ageless and have been
around from the beginning.
Omni: Are some people here now ex-
periencing their first life?
Weiss: Theoretically, I'd guess yes. May-
be they "transferred in" and are here
for the first time, but I suspect most of
us have been here other times. If Earth
is one of millions of worlds, it's like ask-
ing where did all those children go to
junior high before the new one was
built? Well, they were elsewhere. We
shouldn't delude ourselves into thinking
that we're the only place.
Omni: Have some people been around
more — old souls?
Weiss: Sure, but I doubt this is the only
place. There are other places we can go
to learn, too. It's not like Jupiter or Plu-
to or another solar system, but perhaps
another dimension. All mystical tradi-
tions talk about other worlds. There may
be other levels, too — different levels of
heaven; that's where the expression, "I
was in seventh heaven," comes from,
seven as being an ultimate. Catherine
talked about seven dimensions.
Omni: Might two souls meet again in
new lives? And if so, how would they
recognize each other?
Weiss: An energy attracts — you're
pulled into a situation where you need
to be. Perhaps even from the time of
birth, in choosing one's parents. It's not
random; you choose because of the op-
portunity to learn. You may make mis-
takes. Everybody has free will, even
your parents. They may not turn out the
way you had envisioned, because they
have the free will to not reach their po-
tential. In one workshop as we were talk-
ing about this, a mother in the audience
said to her daughter, "See, you chose
me, so stop blaming me!" And the
daughter turned to her and said,
"Then I must have been in a hurry."
I see love or hostility at first sight as
a kind of recognition of souls, a work-
ing out of debts and responsibility. Spir-
it seems thicker than water. That's
what really pulls us togelher — some-
times genetically, but sometimes not.
I SEE LOVE OR
HOSTILITY AT FIRST SIGHT AS A KIND OF
SOULS, A WORKING OUT OF DEBTS AND
SPIRIT SEEMS THICKER THAN WATER.
You may be best friends. You may be
father and son in one lifetime but lov-
ers in this lifetime. Switching of sex
seems frequent. You may have a pref-
erence, but you've tried out the other
to see what it's like. That's also true of
races and religions.
Omni: How do you explain souls that in
the next lifetime occupy bodies that are
Weiss: If it is all to learn — as my pa-
tients tell me over and over again — to
grow, to become more and more god-
like, then whatever the experience, it is
a learning experience. Sometimes,
though, it's a teaching experience as
well, so you may come back into this
for others, maybe as an act of charity.
Omni: Why don't we consciously remem-
ber our past iives?
Weiss: More and more people are re-
membering through therapeutic tech-
niques such as hypnosis, but also
through dreams, meditation, deja vu,
and when they're in a place they've nev-
er been before and they just know
their way around. I don't know why we
don't all remember. The Greeks be-
lieved that when you were born again,
you drank from the river of Lethe so
you'd forget previous lives.
Omni: If we retained knowledge of
past lives, would it be cheating, like tak-
ing a test with the book open? Are we
supposed to learn in each life without
benefit from our previous lessons?
Weiss: Yes. Suppose that between life-
times you say, "Yeah, I've spent ten life-
times learning about charity. I know all
about it. I'm a charitable person." Okay,
now comes the field test. You're born,
put into a situation. Is charity ingrained
so deeply that you don't have to act char-
itably because of a specific memory or
because it's part of your nature?
Omni: So you think we're born with cer-
tain values and ideals?
Weiss: Yes, it gets ingrained, not at the
level of the brain, but of the heart, the
soul. That's where real learning takes
place so that you're not dependent
just on what your parents teach you. If
one's parents were bigots, for [he
child to overcome that and
become compassionate, un-
derstanding, charitable, un-
bigoted, requires a degree
of independence that tran-
scends what we're taught.
This is the soul memory in ad-
dition to specific talents, abil-
ities, or whatever else the
soul might bring back with it.
Our real lesson here is to
learn of love in all its ramifi-
cations — truth, compassion,
Omni: Religions and philos-
ophies say the goal is perfection, io be-
come "one with God," the creator or
Weiss: That's part of it. But it's like ask-
ing a third grader, "What are you learn-
ing in arithmetic?" And he says, "I'm
learning about addition, long division,
and multiplication tables." He can't
even comprehend geometry, advanced
algebra, and calculus. We're limited by
what we know. I suspect the reward has
to do with love, with merging with high-
er consciousness, but it may be so far
beyond what we can comprehend now;
it's hard to put into words. You can
sense it when you're on target. You do
something compassionate and a tear of
incarnation. Have you seen that phenom-
enon in patients?
Weiss: I haven't found that myself in do-
ing this work.
Omni: How can reincarnation be vali-
dated with data to support the claims
of past lives?
Weiss: Dr. Ian Stevenson [chairman
emeritus of the Department of Psychi-
atry at the Un varsity o~ Virginia; see Om-
ni Interview, January 1988] has more
than 2,000 cases of children from all
over the world, many of whom exhibit
xenogiossy, the ability to speak a for-
eign language to which one has had no
exposure. Others know details about
olaass they've never seen. No single in-
dividual by his or her story is going to
prove reincarnation, but it's the weight
of evidence: hundreds of therapists
with thousands of patients where this
happens — children, nonbelievers, skep-
tics, all who come out with these details
of past lives.
It's very difficult to prove reincarna-
tion scientifically because of what we
consider scentific. Asa osychiatrist, I'm
vitally interested in my patients' clinical
improvement. There's no question in my
mind or those ol the physicians and psy-
chotherapists who are writing and call-
ing me that this has a tremendous ther-
apeutic effect. Past-lives therapy is
quick, vivid, relatively inexpensive, and
people get better! Right now I'm accu-
mulating evidence that this therapy
works and that people, whether they be-
lieve in reincarnation or not, can recall
details they didn't know from the distant
or recent past.
Omni: Tell us about your recent project
with the physics department at New
Weiss: They're bringing from China ex-
perts at what we'd call healing, what
they call energy. The physicists are try-
ing to measure it — eventually to build
a machine that could mimic the effect
and induce more rapid healing or cel-
lular changes. They're studying the ef-
fects these experts have on viruses or
bacteria, on people with certain ail-
ments, and measuring the energy. The
healers talk about reincarnation. On my
last trip to New York, I regressed one
Chinese physician who was more inter-
ested in that than the physicists' re-
search. He already knows how that
works. He was insistent, so I regressed
him through an interpreter, and two life-
times came up.
Omni: We can't see or feel this energy,
and we can't explain it.
Weiss: That's why you need a physicist.
Take a dog whistle: Because we can't
hear it doesn't mean a sound isn't be-
ing generated. If 100 years ago I told
you we'd be able to turn on a box with
a glass front that captured waves
plucked out of the air by a metal rod
on the side of your house and turned
them into an instantaneous picture
right in the box, with sound, so that you
could see in Miami what was going on
simultaneously in Moscow, you'd say,
"This guy is out of it! What would you
call that wave?" And I'd say, "I don't
know yet, but that doesn't mean it isn't
real." We just don't have the names for
these wave/particle phenomena; our
range is :.oo Ihxed. We'll eventually use
our minds to become aware of and
generate these same energies or wave/
If I said that you are really a mass of
electrons, protons, neutrons, and wave/
particle reactions, you'd say, "But I'm
solid." And I'd say, "That's not true, be-
cause at some deeper level, you're en-
ergy. And some day if they could har-
ness that energy, some enterprising
physicist could probably build a bomb
out of you. The body Is not what it
seems, but that is true of all of reality.
Omni: Will physicists show that sci-
ence, mysticism, spirituality, religion,
and parapsychology are linked
through quantum mechanics?
Weiss: Physicists are the mystics of the
Nineties and the next century. They've
begun to study consciousness, time re-
versal, all the phenomena previously
called occult or esoteric. These things
will be scientifically proven to have
their roots in nature. Some concepts
that seem strange to us now won't be
as we understand more of their under-
Omni: How do past-life relationships af-
fect one's present life?
Weiss; In every way. Many ol your
most meaningful relationships are not
new. Past lives also affect us in symp-
toms, emotional and physical. Certain
fears anc anxieties carry over from oth-
er lifetimes. Physical symptoms, where
one may have been wounded or hurt
in a previous life, frequently come up.
In about a dozen obese patients, I've
found two patterns that frequently
emerge: A person once died emaciat-
ed or there was sexual abuse from a
past life. A woman decides, "I will nev-
er be attractive to men again," and
keeps the weight on in this life as a
form of protection.
Omni: Sometimes people who've nev-
er given reincarnation a thought will, un-
der hypnosis during therapy, tap into a
Weiss: Yes, and frequently that's how
therapists, physicians, psychologists,
and others have themselves acciden-
tally discovered the field. These mem-
ories don't seem to come from an al-
tered stale. Many children, when they
get a little drowsy a: oectime, when the
normal filters are relaxed, come out
with details of another time and place.
Adults, too, in the hypnagogic state un-
cover memories. Sometimes a dream
may yield a memory fragment— and not
a Freudian distortion or wish, symbol,
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A M E rykc A
Often while reliving a past life under
hypnosis, pa:ionls nave '.cchnical orde-
taiied knowledge about something
they know nothing about in this life. One
of the best cases is New Jersey physi-
cian Dr. Bob Jarrnon's first. It was
when he didn't believe in past lives. A
Jewish woman in her thirties was see-
ing him for hypnotherapy for weight
loss, and she started developing anoth-
er symptom: Her periods stopped, and
she developed lower abdominal tender-
ness. She was becoming more anxious,
and Jarmon thought she might be preg-
nant in the Fallopian tube, which can
be dangerous because it can burst.
When he referred her to a gynecologist,
Ihere was no evidence of pregnancy.
She continued to see Jarmon, and
they were working on her anxiety when
he said, "Go back to the time from
which your symptoms first arose." She
went back to the Middle Ages and was
five months pregnant with an ectopic
pregnancy. In that past life, she was
Catholic and was with a priest who
wouldn't allow abortion or surgery, so
she died. And just before she died, she
repeated the Catholic act of contrition
to the priest, word for word. Jarmon is
Catholic and recognized it. The wom-
an had never heard of it.
This happens al! the time. I hear de-
tails of dress, culture, how to make b. li-
ter, cheeses, put on roofs, herd goats.
But again, it's hard to prove. I've found
talents, too, carried over from a past
life. I found a young boy who knew the
spec ficat.ons or Word War II bomb-
ers — he just knew it, because, he said,
he flew them when he was big. Children
often say that — "Don't you remember
when I was big?"
Omni: Give us an example of a dramat-
Weiss: A woman couldn't button the top
button of her blouse. By recalling a
past life under hypnosis, she learned
she'd been guillotined. This had affect-
ed her present life's relationships, the
ability to trust. Once she remembered
the guillotine incident, she was able to
close the top button right away, and
that set off a chain reaction. It all be-
gan to clear up.
But a past life is not necessary for
everyone to remember. The subcon-
scious directs the traffic. If it's import-
ant and will help you to get rid of a symp-
tom, of course, remembering is neces-
sary, but if it's not, you may not remem-
ber the past life. You may remember 5
of your 80 or 90 past lives because on-
ly those relate to what you're working
on in this life.
Omni: How does experiencing a past
life affect a person's brain waves?
Weiss: In hypnosis, you find relaxed al-
pha and theta brain rhythms. But in
past lives, you fine' all difierert brain pat-
terns — alpha, beta, theta, visual waves —
because the occipital cortex, controlling
vision, is stimulated, Using enhanced
EEG, I've seen a whole smorgasbord of
Omni: What are some misconceptions
Weiss: Probably the most famous is
that everyone was Napoleon or Julius
Caesar. Most of us have beer living pret-
ty ordinary lives. There have been even
more misconceptions about hypnosis —
that it's the only way to have reincar-
nation memories. Hypnosis is only a
state of focused concentration. You're
not sleeping; it's not a dream. Your
mind is still there; you know where you
are. You don't get stuck in a past life
or under hypnosis. You don't have
heart attacks; you don't actually reex-
perience the physical pain or disabili-
ties. You're aware of it but can float
above it or stop it at any time.
Omni: Have any patients taken a turn
for the worse as a result of this therapy?
Weiss: I still haven't found one. This has
to do with the wisdom of the subcon-
scious mind. It will not let something out
that harms a person.
I fJE.WS COMFE.RE.l0CE
Omni: Can we go on to future lives?
Weiss: People are doing this work,
such as psyoi-clogisl Clio: Snow, pres-
ident of the APRT [Association of Past
Life Research and Therapy] society. I
haven't found it, probably because I'm
not looking for it. Mostly I'm doing ther-
apy, and it seems to have some resi-
due from the past. In this lifetime, we
look back. At another level, as physi-
cists tell us, there is no time. I tried go-
ing into the future with Catherine right
off the bat, and she said it wasn't al-
lowed. You can learn from the past, but
the future, that's a series of probabili-
ties. Parallel lives or universes, too, rep-
resent alternatives. But to me it's like
climbing a tree: The higher up you get,
the more committed you are to a par-
ticular branch. You're not on the other
branches, but they're still there.
Omni: When you stumbled upon past-
life therapy, were you seeking some-
thing different from life?
Weiss: I was not. I was chairman of psy-
chiatry at Mount Sinai, the youngest pro-
fessor of psychiatry ever at the Univer-
sity of Miami Medical School. I was pub-
lishing, getting national recognition in
my field, earning a lot of money; my fam-
ily life was going very well. In the Sev-
enties, my wife and another couple want-
ed to see a psychic as a lark. I
wouldn't go, saying, "Why waste your
money? We can go to a movie, do some-
thing real." So they didn't go.
That's how closed I was, just floating
along, and along comes something to
turn you upside down. It didn't come
out of a spiritual crisis but a time of com-
fort and affluence. The change really
hinged on my conversation with Cath-
erine, then subsequent patients during
the next ten years, my reading, and med-
Omni: Why did you decide to go pub-
lic with Many Lives, Many Masters?
Weiss: It was a difficult decision, and
it look four years. Even after I finished
treating Catherine, the tapes of those
sessions collected dust in my closet be-
cause I feared for my reputation. But I
kept finding people with these experi-
ences, and tear of death seemed so per-
vasive, and here I was finding out that
death is not what it appears. By going
public. I'd reach more people, so I start-
ed feeling guilty that I had all this infor-
mation and wasn't sharing ft.
Most other doctors arc cuite reluctant
to go public. Still, I've gotten more
than 100 Ici'.o.'s from ohysicians around
the world who've done this work for up
to 20 years, but in the privacy of their
offices. They always preface it with,
"Don't tell anyone, but . . ." Then out
come these beautiful case histories. My
youngest brother, an oncologist in St.
Louis, is finding ~-ys?ca expenencss.
out-of-body experiences, with his dying
cancer patients. A lot of doctors are hav-
ing them but are afraid to talk about it.
Some are in my new book.
Omni: Tell us about your past lives.
Weiss: The lirs: time was when I got acu-
pressure massage for an old neck in-
jury that was flaring up. I wasn't telling
a soul about my research. I'd go into
this very relaxed, almost meditative
state, and about the fourth session, I
saw an image of myself. I was taller,
thin, wearing a multicolored robe, stand-
ing in a large geometric-shaped build-
ing. I knew I was a priest — very power-
ful, with the ear of the royal family. I had
some psychic abilities and spiritual
knowledge in that life, too, and was mis-
using it for persoral ga : n and power. It
was a very good life [laughter]. Easy,
but wasted. The word zigguratkept ring-
ing in my head. I had no conscious mem-
ory of that word, although that doesn't
prove I didn't come across it in college
or something. I looked it up and found
it's a word for architectural structures,
temples of the Babylonian era.
Years later, I had a dream of being
imprisoned in a European dungeon, my
arm chained to the wall. I was being tor-
tured for teaching my religious beliefs,
which included reincarnation. As I
died in that dungeon, I became aware
of a message: "When you had the
chance to teach, you did not." I knew
that meant I should have taught about
love rather ihan reincarnation and get
killed for it. I went too far. The implica-
tion was, "Now you can have both."
Omni: Who are the Masters 9
Weiss: Catherine described them as
the source of information coming to her,
and they would come through her to
me. She had no memory of them when
awakened (rom hypnosis, but when in
between remembering pest lives, she'd
go into a state where the Masters' spir-
its would come. The knowledge was un-
like her; even the phonetics, grammar,
style were diiferent. Other patients tell
me things that are coming from a pur-
er source, not contaminated by our
brains. The personal information was
the Masters' way of getting my atten-
tion. That was the turning point, when
I started to believe it rather than think
it was imagination or fantasy.
Omni: Is past-life therapy the next
great leap for psychiatry?
Weiss: Some marvelous breakthroughs
will come with the biological understand-
ing oi the brain, with understanding Alz-
heimer's, other memory disorders, schiz-
ophrenia, manic-dco'essive illness. Past-
hie therapy is also extremely important,
and while it may not be the next great
leap, it may be the most important. DO
ity to perform mature re iable UFO re-
search is how they treat "the smoking
gun" of Russian UFOIogy, the Pet-
rozavodsk "jellyfish" UFO of 1977. The
"jellyfish" was a brief wonder in the
West before being quickly solved (by
me) as the launch of a rocket from
Plesetsk. Western UFOIogists readily
accepted the explanation, but now it
turns out that Russian UFO experts nev-
er did. They have assembled a vast ar-
ray of miracle stories associated with
the event, including reports of telepath-
ic ".esssges and physical damage to
But all this proves is that ordinary Rus-
sians love to embellish stories and that
Russian UFO researchers haven't a
clue on how to filter out such exagger-
ations from original perceptions. If
they cannot do it for such obviously bo-
gus UFOs as Petrozavodsk, how can
they be expected to do it for less clear-
If the UFO mystery is to be solved,
there is adequate data from the rest of
the world outside of Russia. Serious
UFOIogists will have to quarantine the
obviously hopelessly infected UFO
lore from Russia and. disregard it all.
Some valuable data might be lost, but
the crippling effect of unconstrained
c rack oo i lory ■would be avoided. Every
decade or two, the question can be re-
considered with a simple test: Do lead-
ing Russian UFO egists si'l insist on the
alien nature of the 1967 Grescent
UFOs and the 1977 "jellyfish" UFO? If
so, slam the door on them again.
Yet the temptation may be too great,
especially for those who are into what
I call the "fairy tale mode" of modern
UFO study — those who believe the
best cases are ones that happened
long ago and far away, and thus are for-
ever immune from prosaic solution. Rus-
sian UFO stories have turned out to be
exactly those kinds of fairy tales.
And if the purpose of modern UFOI-
ogy is only mystery worship and obfus-
cation, only mind-boggling tall tales and
mind-stretch ng theorizing, then it will
continue to feed on the baseless bilge
coming out of Russia while being insid-
iously and unavoidably poisoned by it.
The reality test, then, is not of Russian
UFOIogy, which has already failed, but
of non-Russian UFOIogy, where the is-
sue remains in doubt. DO
Editor's note: James Oberg, author of
Red Star in Orbit and many other
books, is an internationally recognized
expert on the Soviet space program.
not new. People do not like to be ridi-
culed," he says. Then there's the invis-
ibility issue, "which just seems to be
part of the phenomenon. Many people
who you think should have seen these
things just don't," Hopkins explains.
But Hopkins can't explain everything.
For instance, how could "Janet Kimble"
know that the words Brooklyn Bridge writ-
ten on the outside of her envelope
would attract Hopkins' attention unless
she knew or was related to one of the
people in the Hopkins support group,
all of whom had heard about the
case? The answer, replies Hopkins, is
ridiculously simple: ''She saw the abduc-
tion from the Brooklyn Bridge and
thought that the others who had been
stalled on the bridge that night might
have contacted me about it."
But Butler says the likelier explana-
tion is that Linda fabricated the whole
story after reading Nighteyes,
a science -fiction novel by Gar-
field Reeves-Stevens pub-
lished in April of 1989, just
months before her alleged ab-
duction. The novel charts the
abductions of an FBI team
s-aking out a beach house in
California while a mother and
daughter undergo a series of
abductions in and around
New York City. It concludes
with an apocalyptic finale. But-
ler claims that Linda was
very intrigued when the
book was brought up at the Hopkins sup-
port-group meetings. "I guarantee you
that's where she got the basis for her
story," he says.
Butler admits the book's storyline is
different from Linda's but says there are
too many parallels to be coincidence.
Both Linda and the novel's Sarah were
abducted into a UFO hovering over a
high-rise apartment building in New
York City. Linda was kidnapped and
thrown into a car by Richard and Dan;
one of the novel's central characters,
Wendy, was kidnapped and thrown in-
to a van by two mystery men. Dan is sup-
posed to be a security and intelligence
agent, while one of the book's central
characters is an FBI agent. Both Dan
and an agent in the novel were hospi-
talized for emotional trauma. Both
Linda and the novel's Wendy were tak-
en to a "safe house" on the beach. The
list of such parallels goes on and on.
"But similarity does not prove relation-
ship," replies Hopkins. Without an im-
portant political figure witnessing the ab-
duction — the very essence of the
"Linda case, he notes — the comparison
with the book is meaningless.
Hopkins is not alone. Walt Andrus, in-
ternational director of the Mutual UFO
Network (MUFON), is "absolutely con-
vinced the case is authentic." And
David Jacobs, a history professor at Tem-
ple University and another researcher
on the abduction scene, says the crit-
ics debunking the case have twisted
the facts. "Over the past several
years, I have been a confidant of
Hopkins' and, at times, ot Linda's. I can
tell you that when Hopkins' report
comes out, the inaccuracy of the crit-
ics will be apparent and the case will
stand or fall on its own merits."
For Hansen, of course, those merits
are slim. And, he says, the hoaxing he
believes occurred is the least of it. "For
me," he says, "the worst infraction is the
reaction of the leadership of UFOIogy.
I think this has given us great insight
into the mentality— and the gullibility —
of Budd Hopkins, Walt Andrus, and
David Jacobs, the people who really con-
"THE CENTRAL ISSUE, SAY
THE SKEPTICS, IS THE LACK OF LARGE NUMBERS
OF WITNESSES TO THIS
SPECTACULAR EVENT. AFTER ALL, NEW YORK
NEVER SLEEPS. EVEN IN
THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT, PEOPLE ARE OUT."
trol much of what people actually read
Hansen is particularly upset that, giv-
en charges of kidnapping and attempt-
ed murder, the leadership did not go
to the police. "I recognize there is gov-
ernment cover-up on UFOs," he says,
"but covering up a so-called attempt-
ed murder and kidnapping, as these
guys apparently say they've done — ■
that's quite something else,"
Hoping to right the wrong, Hansen
has, in fact, sent a letter to the inspector-
general's office, Department of the Treas-
ury, requesting (hat Linda's claims of kid-
napping and attempted murder by fed-
eral agents be invest gated. \n February
of 1992, the Secret Service contacted
Linda and she and Hopkins went
down to their World Trade Center offic-
es to speak to Special Agent Peggy
Fleming and her supervisor. Hopkins
and Linda told Fleming the story and ex-
plained that they didn't know who Han-
son was or why he was involved. Linda
also objected to what she perceived as
Hansen's insinuation that she was
agansi the govsT.ment. She was not,
she said: "I'm a Bush Republican."
When I called the Secret Service
about their investigation, I was referred
to Special Agent James Kaiser, media
representative in the New York field of-
fice. After reviewing the file on the
case, titled "Special Agent Alleged Mis-
conduct, February 10, 1993," Kaiser
told me that Linda "was, in fact, inter-
viewed at our office, and it was deter-
mined that her allegations regarding
U.S. Secret Service agents having any
contact with her whatsoever prior to
that day were unfounded and baseless.
It never happened. She may have
been mistaking us for some other agen-
cy or organization. Case closed."
The case is also closed as far as Han-
sen, Stefula, and Butler are concerned.
They truly believe that Linda is involved
in a hoax. "I think she started out with
a small lie," speculates Hansen, "a tall
tale that grew in the three years that fol-
lowed. She's been a typist and tem-
porary secretary, so she has had ac-
cess to a lot of different type-
writers undoubtedly. It would
not surprise me if there were
someone else hoaxing Hop-
kins as well."
Hopkins flatly rejects the
hoax scenario. "An efficient
hoax has a minimum of mov-
ing parts," he says. "You
don't want to go into too
many details, This has more
moving parls that one could
As for Linda, when asked
if she had made up this
whole scenario, she replied simply, "No.
How could this be a hoax? There are
too many people involved. In fact," she
added, "I take the suggestion as a com-
pliment. They must think I'm pretty in-
telligent to pull off such a thing."
Some details of the case frankly do
make me suspicious. For one, the draw-
ings of the abduction that Hopkins re-
ceived from Richard and the woman on
the bridge not only look like they might
have been prepared by the same per-
son, despite the stylistic and perspec-
tive differences, which Hopkins has du-
ly noted, but more importantly, both
were done in crayons and used the
What's more, to actually meet Linda
and hear her talk is to be transported
to a world where reality is inverted,
where all we have ever known is
flipped on its head. Strain your ears,
and you can almost hear the chords
from Twilight Zone kick in as the under-
lying chaos of the universe takes con-
trol. Fact is, outrageous as I find
Linda's story, Linda herself seems sin-
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cere. Her emotions — fright, anxiety, and
anger— appear genuine.
I'm not alone in these impressions,
John Mack, a professor of psychiatry at
Harvard University Medical School,
whom Hopkins confided in as the story
unfolded and who now knows Linda
well, insists that "there is nothing unau-
thentic or devious" about her.
Gibbs Williams, a New York psycho-
analytic psychctreraoist with a quarter
century of experience, has tested
Linda and also dismisses any notion
that Linda might be hoaxing the whole
affair. "You would have to have the
kind of conspiratorial mentality of Rich-
ard Nixon and be able to think sixty-
two moves ahead," Williams says.
"Quite frankly, Linda doesn't appear to
have that kind of mind; she does not
have that kind of abstracting capacity."
He notes further that her emotive capac-
ity — her anger, crying, and tendency to
get carried away — is not consistent
with the psychopathic cool mentality of
the hoaxer and liar. "My conclusion," he
says, "is that from her perspective, she
is telling her truth."
Perhaps Jerome Clark, vice presi-
dent of the Center for UFO Studies
(CUFOS) and editor of the Internation-
al UFO Reporter, sums up the contro-
versy best: "This is an absolutely exfaor
dinary claim, and the evidence that you
need to marshal to support such a
claim simply is not there."
Hopkins promises it will be when his
book appears. Until then, Linda stands
alone, ambivalent about her fame. On
the one hand, she seems to revel in the
notoriety. She attends national UFO
meetings obvious y dresseo to impress.
"To tell you the truth, it wouldn't be
that bad if I didn't have a family," she
admits to me.
Yet she also ieels victimized. "There
are a lot of Italian Americans and Chi-
nese in my neighborhood, and many of
them even laugh at joggers," she
says. "Imagine if anyone in the area
heard that I was abducted by aliens."
"Worst of all," she continues, "those
critics took away the safety of my fami-
ly by taking my real name and publish-
ing it. We are sitting ducks for any crack-
pot in the UFO community. They know
where I live. They know what I look like."
She has already taken her name off her
intercom system, and she fully expects
to move when Hopkins' book on the
case comes out. "I don't know what's
worse," she says finally, "what Richard
and Dan did, what these three stooges
from New Jersey did, or what the ali-
ens did." Or what Hopkins has done, I
might add. After all, he promised so
much and has delivered so little.
Poor Linda. Dd
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CONTIIVJED FHOM PAGE BO
The clown face overhead suddenly
straightened to the vertical. Its eyes
rolled and the mouth opened. "Yum
Yum Yum!" said a voice over the RA.
system. "Yum Yum Yum!"
"Lunchtime," said Beemer. "Want to
"I've already eaten," said Seeker.
From the far corners of the grounds,
people walked toward the house.
Some had hobbling steps. One
walked but his arms didn't swing with
his steps; they remained at his sides.
There were six or eight women. A mi-
crocephalic in a spotted blue dress
with her hair in a bow came up and
hugged Beemer, then went inside. An
old man dressed like the Little King in
a tiny child's pedal car raced up to the
steps, hopped out and ran through the
The lone boy stayed out
"Those that don't want to
eat don't have to," said
Beemer. "The cooks leave
'em sandwiches and stuff.
Not your pickle loaf or balon-
"How do you choose who
stays here and who
"I don't. The Little Moron
"He chooses them?"
"He'll let me know he
wants to go somewhere.
We'll go. One in a thousand
sometimes. We'll go ten places, noth-
ing. Eleventh place he gets out of the
car, walks right up to someone, or they
come up to him. He breaks out in a big
smile. That's the one."
"And you take procedures to get
"Don't you find that a little . . .
"Beats me. It's worked every time."
"All right. You've been here twelve
years. How many pa — guests have
"How many escaped?"
"Can you explain this?"
"They're happy here. Whey would
they want to leave?"
"What kind of therapy do you use?"
"Okay," Beemer paused, "hapoy ihe:-
apy, They get to do pretty much what-
ever they want to do. If they're happy,
The man in the Koko suit came by.
His face was covered with clown
white. His baggy black suit had big
white buttons on it, and his pointed hat
had three white puffs down the front. He
walked over, picked up Beemer, carried
him to the stairs and set him down.
Then he went inside.
"He wants a step-father," said
"Elwood Jr. The Little Moron.
"He doesn't talk," said Beemer. "Most
of them can't, or won't. Elwood can
write though; mostly they're little rebus-
es or riddles that I can make out. Or
he'll take me and show me. Sometimes
it's hard. But he doesn't ask for much,
and not often. I can show you his
room, if you want me to, while he's eat-
ing. It'll give you some idea."
They went upstairs. There was a
long hall with bedrooms off each side.
They came to one. Outside was a pile
of hay. Beemer opened the door. In the
"THERE WAS A
BED WITH SPRINGS STICKING
OUT ONE END;
ON THE WALL WAS A CALENDAR
OF THE NUMBERS MISSING."
center of the floor was a carpet with a
hole cut in it. There was a bed with
springs stoking out one end; on the
wall was a calendar with some of the
numbers missing. On the other side
above the wash basin was a medicine
cabinet with a pair of padded slippers
on the floor in front of them. At an open
window was a box of clocks, and there
was another pile of timepieces under
the desk in the corner. In another cor-
ner was a refrigerator. Beemer opened
it. There was no shelves inside. There
was a second handle so it could be
opened from the inside.
"He thinks of me as his father, some-
times." said Beemer. Seeker didn't
understand the reference but said
At the bottom of the refrigerator was
a sack of fish with their noses cut off.
On the wall above a chair was a huge
clock. On the wash basin was a hair-
brush and a box of candy bullets.
There were several sheets of paper
on the desk. One was a picture of an
elephant with a howdah on it and an ar-
row pointing toward the bottom and a
"Oh, that's for me," said Beemer. He
studied it a moment, then drew a pic-
ture: the word NO, a comma, an arrow
pointing toward .the bottom of the
page, and a waterfowl of some kind.
"What's that?" asked Seeker.
"That was an easy one," Willard
Beemer said. "He wanted to know how
you got down off an elephant. I said,
you don't get down off an elephant; you
get down off a goose."
Seeker stared at him a moment.
"You're telling me he thinks on a ter-
tiary conceptual, level?"
"No. No. He thinks on a literal level.
His father, Elwood Sr., never could fig-
ure out a damn thing he was trying to
do, because he thought on a tertiary lev-
el all the time. Me and my father could
figure out pretty much everything,
cause we didn't. There are two or
three of these things I still can't answer,
"Have you ever had him tested? Or
any of them?"
"Tested for whaf? Like I
said, if Elwood, Jr., wants
them here, that's good
enough for me. Come on.
Let's go outside again. You
see how he lives here."
Outside, 'they walked up
the drive. The kid who had
been in the wheat (or what-
ever-it-was) field was gone
now. The clown head on the
house was immobile.
"See, what we got here is
like people coming to visit
who never leave. That's the best way I
can describe it. The help comes here
and takes care of them and leaves al
night. Nobody comes to visit, because
most of them don't have anybody.
We're not trying to put anything over on
Then Beemer stopped. "Just remem-
bered one for Elwood Jr.," he said. He
took a piece of paper and drew on it:
?, then a baby, ? NO, then another ba-
by. He put the paper in a crack in one
of the wood columns of the portico. The
clown head above the porch began to
move. "Ha Ha Ha!" it said, its tinny
voice echoing over the grounds, "Ha
"Playtime," said Beemer. "They'll all
be coming out again."
"Mr. Beemer," said Seeker. "I'm not
going to advise you on how to run your
business, or to circumvent the laws. But
you'll have to get at least a private fa-
cility license. You'll have to get a phy-
sician or psychiatrist to apply for you.
I understand your care and concern.
But suppose somo:h ng happens to you
gold-yellow ball-jack. His beard and mus-
tache were clipped and curled.
He took off his crown. His head was
bald and red, with only a fringe of hair
where the crown sat. He handed Dr.
Seeker a folded piece of paper that had
Seeker opened it.
At the top was a slick figure of a man
with a briefcase in his left hand.
On the paper, in Elwood Jr.'s draw-
ing, was the following: ?, then ihe Little
Moron figure with XX's over the eyes,
then a duck and a big + and a cow,
and a test tube over a Bunsen burner.
Seeker remembered what Beemer had
said about literal levels.
How was the Little Moron kilted in a
eugenics experiment? it was asking.
Seeker took out his Parker T-Ball Jot-
ter. He wrote an equals sign, then
drew a giant firecracker with a sputter-
ing fuse and a + and a road full of cars
with speed lines coming from them, and
an exclamation point.'
How was the Little Moron killed in a
eugenics experiment? it asked.
He was trying to cross a busy high-
way with a lit stick of dynamite 1 . Seeker
He refolded the paper and handed
it back lo the Little King. The tiny old
man replaced it in his crown, jumped
back in his pedal car, made a U-turn
and started back the way he had
come, causing another gian! screech-
ing of brakes and cursing sounds. Seek-
er watched for a moment; a man who
thought he was a king taking a joke
back from a man who thought he was
a doctor to a man who was dead.
Then he went back inside, lo call Win-
fred to tell her one of the guests had
been found, but that he would proba-
bly be late for dinner. DO
Page 6: Stan Musilek; page 10: Dar-
ryl Zudek; page 12: Jim Zuckerman;
page 16: Edmund Bertschinger and
James M. Gelb, MIT; page 18: Matt
Zumbo; page 24: Tass/Sovfoto;
page 25: Peter Liepke; page 27: Ar-
nout Hyde for Travel Berkeley
Springs; page 28: Jay Corbett;
page 29, bottom left: Tony Stone
Worldwide/Philip and Karen Smith;
page 30, top left: Photo Researchers,
Inc. /Scott Camazine; page 30, bot-
tom right: The Edgerly Agency/M.
Bates; page 32, top: Douglas
Faulkner; page 32, bottom: Photo
Researchers, I no. /Martin M. Rotker;
page 60: courtesy of Graphic SHA;
pages 68-69: painting by Komar
and Melmamid, courtesy of Ronald
Feldman Fine Arts, Inc.
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 40
program, nas long argued I he I Soviet
officials remaineo pub'iciy mum about
widely reported Russian UFOs in the
1970s and I98;)s because such reports
masked military operations conducted
at the supersecret Plesetsk Cos-
modrome. "Could a similar scenario oc-
cur in this country? It's conceivable," con-
cedes Oberg. "On the other hand,
should our own government take an in-
terest in UFO reports, especially those
that may reflect missile or space tech-
no'oc/y from arou.nc the world? Sure. I'd
be dismayed if we didn't. But doesitlol-
low that alien-acquired technology re-
covered at Roswell is driving our own
space technology program? I don't see
any outstanding evidence for it."
Friedman's counterargument is not
so much a technological as a political
one. "Governments and nations de-
mand allegiance in order to survive," he
says. "They don't want us thinking in
glooa! icrms, as a citizen of a planet as
opposed to a particular political entity,
because that would threaten Iheir very
existence. The impact on our collective
social, economic, and religious struc-
■.u r os ol adrri cling "hat we nave been con-
tacted by another intelligent life form
would be enormous if not literally cata-
strophic to the political powers that be."
Whatever its reason for holding
large numbers of documents and an ar-
ray of information close to the vest,
there's no doubt that the U.S. govern-
ment has been less than forthcoming
on the topic of UFOs. Historically, the
government's public altitude toward
UFOs has run the gamut of human emo-
tions, at times confused and dismiss ve.
at others deliberately covert and coy.
On one hand, it claims to have recov-
ered a flying disc; on the other, a weath-
er balloon. One night UFOs constitute
a threat to the national security; the
nexl they are merely part of a public hys-
teria cased on religious feelings, fear
of technology, mass hypnosis, or what-
ever the preva lirg psychology of the
era will bear. To sort through Ihe layers
of confusion spawned by the govern-
ment's s;ance and to reveal information-
al chasms, whatever their cause, Omni
is launching a series of six continuing
articles. In the following months, we
will take the long view, scanning
through history to examine LI Os under
wraps in the decades following
Roswell. In the next installment, look for
our report on official efforts to squelch
UFO mania and keep tabs on UFO re-
searches in ihe McCarthy-era land-
scape of the Fifties. DO
Research Parameters Expanded
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Claims: Differing vocal manipulations
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CONTINUED FROM PI
Clifford Stone, a retired U.S. Army ser-
geant with an interest in UFOs, has
been trying to get the military to admit
that it runs these projects and that it al-
so recovers downed UFOs. Stone
claims that the 696th Intelligence
Group at Andrews Air Force Base, Mary-
land, makes these retrievals, and he
has even submitted an FOIA request for
the group's UFO files.
Records from Roswell. The Roswel!
case, in which a UFO is said to have
crashed near Roswell, New Mexico, in
July 1947, continues to haunt research-
ers and to draw numerous FOIA re-
quests. In one of these, Don Schmitt, a
researcher from the Center for UFO Stud-
ies in Illinois and coauthor with Kevin
Randle of the 1991 book UFO Crash a!
Roswell, has filed an FOIA request on
behalf of the family of Mac Brazel, the
rancher who found the purported UFO
wreckage. "Specifically, we
wanted to see the results of
a medical examination
allegedly given to Brazel by
the United States Army after
he made his discovery,"
Schmitt explains. "The Army
denied that it had records on
Brazel of any sort, even
though Brazel served in the
Army during WWII."
Secret Sins. Is there a se-
crecy oath signed by mili-
tary personnel involved with
UFOs? Many UFO investiga-
tors, including Don Schmitt, claim to
have active-duty and retired military wit-
nesses who will talk privately but not
openly about UFOs and the govern-
ment for fear of losing pensions.
Schmitt awaits the results of an FOIA re-
quest submitted to the Army, Navy, and
Air Force on whether or not an oath of
secrecy actually exists.
X Marks the Spot, Another facet of
the Roswell case concerns a United
Press International (UPI) reporter who
supposedly told Schmitt that in the ear-
ly 1960s, a public-information officer
(PIO) at Holloman Air Force Base
showed him a map of the Roswell
crash site and even drove him out to
look at it. Schmitt's FOIA asks for the
name of the PIO and seeks to learn
whether he ever worked with a UPI re-
porter in the early Sixties.
Name, Rank, and Serial Number,
Schmitt would also like to obtain the rec-
ords of and ultimately locate 30 military
personnel who allegedly worked at
Roswell Air Force Base in 1947. He sub-
mitted an FOIA with their names and se-
rial numbers, asking for access to their
complete records. The Air Force re-
sponded that it had no records on
Operation Majestic. The MJ-12 docu-
ments — short for Operation Majestic —
turned up in microfilm form in the mail-
box of Jaime Shadera, a UFO investi-
gator, back in 1984. Although most
UFO researchers now believe the doc-
uments are phony, some say they may
be evidence of a top-secret briefing
given to president-elect Dwight Eisen-
hower in November 1952 by Admiral
Roscoe Hillenkoetter, then-director of
After spending considerable time
and money trying to verify these docu-
ments, Stanton Friedman put in an FOIA
request in 1989. He thought he could
study the authenticity of the controver-
sial MJ-12 documents by comparing
them to other CIA briefings of Ike. Fried-
man learned the times and dates of
these additional briefings in archival re-
search and using that specific informa-
"iS THERE A SECRECY
OATH SIGNED BY MILITARY PERSONNEL
INVOLVED WITH UFOs?
RESEARCHERS SAY CLASSIFIED ARMY,
NAVY, AND AIR FORCE
DOCUMENTS MAY REVEAL THE TRUTH."
the Center for UFO Studies provides
three useful tips:
• UFOIogists believe petitions may be
screened for buzzwords like UFO,
which tip officials off to give the request
prejudicial treatment, so researchers try
to be creative. "We never refer to
Roswell by name," says Schmitt, "and
in the last five years, I have not made
an FOIA request in which I specifically
referred to UFOs."
« Schmitt and other FOIA experts often
request paragraphs, even sentences,
not in classified documents just to see
whether the agency has any information
on the topic at all. The technique also
confuses officials, preventing them
from pigeonholing the request as UFO
related, thus encouraging them to give
it a higher priority and push it through.
• Hoping to stop the government in ef-
forts to pull the wool over their eyes,
UFO researchers often request docu-
ments they know for a fact exist. "We
often try to trip them up," Schmitt ex-
plains. "We send in our request; they
deny it. Then we send cop-
ies of specific documents
that refer to the documents
they claim they don't have."
tion requested the documents from the
CIA. Two years later, the CIA respond-
ed that it could not find any such brief-
ing documents. Friedman appealed but
was told he was number 390 on the
list. He is still waiting for a response.
FOIA Wannabes. Fred Olsen 111
would like to submit an FOIA request
to the Air Force that asks for the gun-
camera photos of UFOs that former mil-
itary pilots claim were taken during the
1940s and 1950s. Don Schmitt would
like to submit an FOIA request to the
Air Force on the contents and purpose
of a mysterious military transport plane
said to have departed from Roswell
Air Force Base under tight security
on July 9, 1947.
For those sturdy souls who wish to
buck the tide, it is sometimes possible
to successfully wield the Freedom of In-
formation Act to dredge up information
buried deep. To help the uninitiated
work the system and uncover as much
as possible, FOIA pro Don Schmitt of
SIDE-STEPPING THE FOIA
The frustrations of filing an
FOIA being what they are, a
number of UFO researchers
have now evolved alternative
strategies for prying docu-
ments from government
vaults, A couple of the most
prominent efforts are de-
Moon Dust II. Cliff Stone's requests
to the Air Force and Defense Intelli-
gence Agency for projects Moon Dust
and Blue Fly information were unsuc-
cessful, so. he's making similar requests
through the office of Senator Jeff Binga-
man of New Mexico who is working
with the Pentagon's Congressional Li-
aison Office on this issue. Remember,
you are part of a constituency; your rep-
resentative can help.
Operation Right to Know. In 1992, Op-
eration Right to Know was formed by
three Mutual UFO Network members
who felt political action was the only
way to wrest secrets from the govern-
ment. They passed out UFO literature
on the ellipse behind the White House
in 1992, picketed in front of the White
House in 1993, and demonstrated out-
side the United Nations building in New
York in November 1993. Operation
Right to Know now has more than 200
members, is growing with European
chapters, and will probably picket for
access to government UFO information
in a city near you. DO
Breaking through walls in the Antimaze and an April Foolery Gallery
By Scot Morris
With progress, as new
things come along, we have
to tind new words for old
things. I remember my first
tape recorder. If I wanted to
buy that same machine
today, I'd have to ask the
salesperson for a reel-to-
reel tape recorder. The word
book sufficed for centuries,
but when paperbacks came
along, a new word, hard-
cover book, was bom.
These words, typically
tions, are called retronyms.
How many can you find in
the following story?
"I drove my car, which
has a manual transmission,
down a dirt road and
listened to a day baseball
game, played on natural
turf, on my AM radio. Then
I tuned in a stage play,
which had been prerecord-
ed before a live audience.
"in the back was my road
bike, a manual typewriter,
a rotary phone, a cloth
diaper, an acoustic guitar, a
still camera, a straight razor,
and a fountain pen. Later,
at a sit-down dinner, I had
free-range chicken, a
cheese blintz, and plain yo-
gurt. I washed it down with
a draft beer, some fresh-
squeezed orange juice,
and a Coca-Cola Classic,"
Better retronyms are
needed. What do you call a
nonmicrowave oven? I
call mine the macrowave.
Hollerblade is a trade
name for In-line skates. Now
we need an updated
word for traditional skates.
Can readers come up
with words for nondigital
tape cassette, non-flat-
screen TV, nonelectronic
mail, and other retronyms?
Center: Answer to the Antimaze. Top: Move
two matches and leave no triangles.
Bottom: Place nine digits in the brackets to
make the equation honest.
:he solution to Scott Kim's
Antimaze, which ap-
peared here last month, is
above. The path from the
square to the circle passes
only through walls and
never through open spaces.
Nob Yoshigahara, the
Japanese puzzle inventor
and writer, recently showed
me two new creations. First,
he arranged nine match-
SLlcks into three triangles
(top). "Can you move
only two matches and leave
nc Mangles?" he asked.
Second, he drew a plan
for three fractions fat
bottom), each with a one-
diciit numerator and a two-
d gi" denominator, which
all together add up to one.
The challenge is to place
the nine digits 1 through 9
in the only way that makes
the equation correct. I'll
answer these two problems
Lei's wrap up this column
with some puzzles appropri-
ate to the month.
1. What runs fore to afi on
one side of a ship and aft
to fore on the other side?
2. If nine thousand nine
hundred and nine dollars is
written as $9,909, how
should twelve thousand
twelve hundred and twelve
dollars be written?
3. In a deck of cards, two of
the Jacks have two eyes
and two of the Jacks have
one eye. How many eyes
are on the four Jack cards?
4. You throw away the
outside and cook the inside.
Then you eat the outside
and throw away the inside.
What did you eat?
5. Haw can you stand
behind your father while he
is standing benind you?
6. While Kellee was making
coffee, her earring fell
into the cup. Even though
the cup was full of coffee,
the earring didn't get
wel. How is th : s possible?
7. A man is found dead in
the snow in a remote
mountain area. There are
no tracks leading to or from
his body. He didn't die of
hunger, ihirst, or cold. The
coroner ruled that he died
partly because of the pack
on his back. What was In it?
8. Coincidentally, nearby
was the body of a woman
who had been killed by the
pack on her back. The
coroner determined she had
been walking alone and that
no one was near her when
she died. What happened?
The story has 23 retronyms.
1 . The name of the ship.
3. Twelve. Each card has
two Jack faces.
4. An ear of corn.
5. Stand back to back.
6. The cup had dry instant
coffee in it.
7 An unopened parachute.
8. She was killed by a pack
of solves. DO